Definitions for: Stone


[n] building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose; "he wanted a special stone to mark the site"
[n] a lack of feeling or expression or movement; "he must have a heart of stone"; "her face was as hard as stone"
[n] a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he threw a rock at me"
[n] United States architect (1902-1978)
[n] United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as Chief Justice (1872-1946)
[n] United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)
[n] United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)
[n] United States filmmaker (born in 1946)
[n] the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
[n] (British) an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds; "a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone"
[n] material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"
[n] a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry; "he had the gem set in a ring for his wife"; "she had jewels made of all the rarest stones"
[adj] of any of various dull tannish-gray colors
[adj] of or relating to or made of stone; "a stone house"
[v] remove the pits from, as of certain fruit such as peaches
[v] kill by throwing stones at; "Adulterers should be stoned according to the Koran"



Webster (1913) Definition: Stone, n. [OE. ston, stan, AS. st[=a]n; akin to OS. &
OFries. st[=e]n, D. steen, G. stein, Icel. steinn, Sw. sten,
Dan. steen, Goth. stains, Russ. stiena a wall, Gr. ?, ?, a
pebble. [root]167. Cf. Steen.]
1. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular
mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy
threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones. ``Dumb as a
stone.'' --Chaucer.

They had brick for stone, and slime . . . for
mortar. --Gen. xi. 3.

Note: In popular language, very large masses of stone are
called rocks; small masses are called stones; and the
finer kinds, gravel, or sand, or grains of sand. Stone
is much and widely used in the construction of
buildings of all kinds, for walls, fences, piers,
abutments, arches, monuments, sculpture, and the like.

2. A precious stone; a gem. ``Many a rich stone.'' --Chaucer.
``Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels.'' --Shak.

3. Something made of stone. Specifically:
(a) The glass of a mirror; a mirror. [Obs.]

Lend me a looking-glass; If that her breath will
mist or stain the stone, Why, then she lives.
--Shak.
(b) A monument to the dead; a gravestone. --Gray.

Should some relenting eye Glance on the where
our cold relics lie. --Pope.

4. (Med.) A calculous concretion, especially one in the
kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.

5. One of the testes; a testicle. --Shak.

6. (Bot.) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a
cherry or peach. See Illust. of Endocarp.

7. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice
varies with the article weighed. [Eng.]

Note: The stone of butchers' meat or fish is reckoned at 8
lbs.; of cheese, 16 lbs.; of hemp, 32 lbs.; of glass, 5
lbs.

8. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness;
insensibility; as, a heart of stone.

I have not yet forgot myself to stone. --Pope.

9. (Print.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of
stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a
book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also
imposing stone.

Note: Stone is used adjectively or in composition with other
words to denote made of stone, containing a stone or
stones, employed on stone, or, more generally, of or
pertaining to stone or stones; as, stone fruit, or
stone-fruit; stone-hammer, or stone hammer; stone
falcon, or stone-falcon. Compounded with some
adjectives it denotes a degree of the quality expressed
by the adjective equal to that possessed by a stone;
as, stone-dead, stone-blind, stone-cold, stone-still,
etc.

Atlantic stone, ivory. [Obs.] ``Citron tables, or Atlantic
stone.'' --Milton.

Bowing stone. Same as Cromlech. --Encyc. Brit.

Meteoric stones, stones which fall from the atmosphere, as
after the explosion of a meteor.

Philosopher's stone. See under Philosopher.

Rocking stone. See Rocking-stone.

Stone age, a supposed prehistoric age of the world when
stone and bone were habitually used as the materials for
weapons and tools; -- called also flint age. The {bronze
age} succeeded to this.

Stone bass (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of marine
food fishes of the genus Serranus and allied genera, as
Serranus Couchii, and Polyprion cernium of Europe; --
called also sea perch.

Stone biter (Zo["o]l.), the wolf fish.

Stone boiling, a method of boiling water or milk by
dropping hot stones into it, -- in use among savages.
--Tylor.

Stone borer (Zo["o]l.), any animal that bores stones;
especially, one of certain bivalve mollusks which burrow
in limestone. See Lithodomus, and Saxicava.

Stone bramble (Bot.), a European trailing species of
bramble (Rubus saxatilis).

Stone-break. [Cf. G. steinbrech.] (Bot.) Any plant of the
genus Saxifraga; saxifrage.

Stone bruise, a sore spot on the bottom of the foot, from a
bruise by a stone.

Stone canal. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Sand canal, under Sand.


Stone cat (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small
fresh-water North American catfishes of the genus
Noturus. They have sharp pectoral spines with which they
inflict painful wounds.

Stone coal, hard coal; mineral coal; anthracite coal.

Stone coral (Zo["o]l.), any hard calcareous coral.

Stone crab. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A large crab (Menippe mercenaria) found on the
southern coast of the United States and much used as
food.
(b) A European spider crab (Lithodes maia).

Stone crawfish (Zo["o]l.), a European crawfish ({Astacus
torrentium}), by many writers considered only a variety of
the common species (A. fluviatilis).

Stone curlew. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A large plover found in Europe ({Edicnemus
crepitans}). It frequents stony places. Called also
thick-kneed plover or bustard, and thick-knee.
(b) The whimbrel. [Prov. Eng.]
(c) The willet. [Local, U.S.]

Stone crush. Same as Stone bruise, above.

Stone eater. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Stone borer, above.

Stone falcon (Zo["o]l.), the merlin.

Stone fern (Bot.), a European fern (Asplenium Ceterach)
which grows on rocks and walls.

Stone fly (Zo["o]l.), any one of many species of
pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Perla and allied
genera; a perlid. They are often used by anglers for bait.
The larv[ae] are aquatic.

Stone fruit (Bot.), any fruit with a stony endocarp; a
drupe, as a peach, plum, or cherry.

Stone grig (Zo["o]l.), the mud lamprey, or pride.

Stone hammer, a hammer formed with a face at one end, and a
thick, blunt edge, parallel with the handle, at the other,
-- used for breaking stone.

Stone hawk (Zo["o]l.), the merlin; -- so called from its
habit of sitting on bare stones.

Stone jar, a jar made of stoneware.

Stone lily (Paleon.), a fossil crinoid.

Stone lugger. (Zo["o]l.) See Stone roller, below.

Stone marten (Zo["o]l.), a European marten ({Mustela
foina}) allied to the pine marten, but having a white
throat; -- called also beech marten.

Stone mason, a mason who works or builds in stone.

Stone-mortar (Mil.), a kind of large mortar formerly used
in sieges for throwing a mass of small stones short
distances.

Stone oil, rock oil, petroleum.

Stone parsley (Bot.), an umbelliferous plant ({Seseli
Labanotis}). See under Parsley.

Stone pine. (Bot.) A nut pine. See the Note under Pine,
and Pi[~n]on.

Stone pit, a quarry where stones are dug.

Stone pitch, hard, inspissated pitch.

Stone plover. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The European stone curlew.
(b) Any one of several species of Asiatic plovers of the
genus Esacus; as, the large stone plover ({E.
recurvirostris}).
(c) The gray or black-bellied plover. [Prov. Eng.]
(d) The ringed plover.
(e) The bar-tailed godwit. [Prov. Eng.] Also applied to
other species of limicoline birds.

Stone roller. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) An American fresh-water fish (Catostomus nigricans)
of the Sucker family. Its color is yellowish olive,
often with dark blotches. Called also stone lugger,
stone toter, hog sucker, hog mullet.
(b) A common American cyprinoid fish ({Campostoma
anomalum}); -- called also stone lugger.

Stone's cast, or Stone's throw, the distance to which a
stone may be thrown by the hand.

Stone snipe (Zo["o]l.), the greater yellowlegs, or tattler.
[Local, U.S.]

Stone toter. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) See Stone roller
(a), above.
(b) A cyprinoid fish (Exoglossum maxillingua) found in
the rivers from Virginia to New York. It has a
three-lobed lower lip; -- called also cutlips.

To leave no stone unturned, to do everything that can be
done; to use all practicable means to effect an object.


Stone, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stoned; p. pr. & vb. n.
Stoning.] [From Stone, n.: cf. AS. st?nan, Goth.
stainjan.]
1. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.

And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and
saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. --Acts vii.
59.

2. To make like stone; to harden.

O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart. --Shak.

3. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to
stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins.

4. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with
stones; as, to stone a well; to stone a cellar.

5. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.

Synonyms: chromatic, Edward Durell Stone, endocarp, gem, gemstone, Harlan Fiske Stone, I. F. Stone, Isidor Feinstein Stone, lapidate, Lucy Stone, Oliver Stone, pit, pit, rock, rock

See Also: achondrite, aphanite, architect, ashlar, avoirdupois unit, bedrock, Blarney Stone, boulder, bowlder, building material, cabochon, calc-tufa, calculus, caliche, capstone, cherry stone, chondrite, claystone, coldness, concretion, conglomerate, coolness, copestone, coping stone, cornerstone, crushed rock, crystal, crystal, crystallization, designer, dolomite, emery rock, emery stone, feminist, fieldstone, film maker, film producer, filmmaker, foundation stone, frigidity, gravel, gravestone, greisen, grindstone, headstone, hearthstone, igneous rock, impost, intrusion, jewellery, jewelry, journalist, jurist, kill, lb, legal expert, libber, limestone, magma, marble, material, metamorphic rock, millstone, mineral, monolith, movie maker, natural object, opaque gem, outcrop, outcropping, paving stone, peach pit, pebble, pericarp, petrifaction, pound, pudding stone, pumice, pumice stone, quarter, quartzite, remove, road metal, rock outcrop, sedimentary rock, seed vessel, shingling, sial, sill, sima, springer, stela, stele, stepping stone, stretcher, stuff, suffragist, take, take away, tombstone, tor, transparent gem, tufa, wall rock, whetstone, withdraw, women's liberationist, women's rightist, xenolith

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