Definitions for: Quartz


[n] a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
[n] colorless glass made of almost pure silica



Webster (1913) Definition: Quartz, n. [G. quarz.] (Min.)
A form of silica, or silicon dioxide (SiO2), occurring in
hexagonal crystals, which are commonly colorless and
transparent, but sometimes also yellow, brown, purple, green,
and of other colors; also in cryptocrystalline massive forms
varying in color and degree of transparency, being sometimes
opaque.

Note: The crystalline varieties include: amethyst, violet;
citrine and false topaz, pale yellow; rock crystal,
transparent and colorless or nearly so; rose quartz,
rosecolored; smoky quartz, smoky brown. The chief
crypto-crystalline varieties are: agate, a chalcedony
in layers or clouded with different colors, including
the onyx and sardonyx; carnelian and sard, red or
flesh-colored chalcedony; chalcedony, nearly white, and
waxy in luster; chrysoprase, an apple-green chalcedony;
flint, hornstone, basanite, or touchstone, brown to
black in color and compact in texture; heliotrope,
green dotted with red; jasper, opaque, red yellow, or
brown, colored by iron or ferruginous clay; prase,
translucent and dull leek-green. Quartz is an essential
constituent of granite, and abounds in rocks of all
ages. It forms the rocks quartzite (quartz rock) and
sandstone, and makes most of the sand of the seashore.

Synonyms: crystal, lechatelierite, quartz glass, vitreous silica

See Also: amethyst, atomic number 14, aventurine, cairngorm, calcedony, chalcedony, citrine, common topaz, false topaz, mineral, natural glass, rock crystal, rose quartz, Si, silica, silicon, silicon dioxide, silicon oxide, smoky quartz, sunstone, topaz, transparent quartz

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