Definitions for: Jurisdiction


[n] (law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law; "courts having jurisdiction in this district"
[n] in law; the territory within which power can be exercised



Webster (1913) Definition: Ju`ris*dic"tion, n. [L. jurisdictio; jus, juris,
right, law + dictio a saying, speaking: cf. OF. jurisdiction,
F. juridiction. See Just, a., and Diction.]
1. (Law) The legal power, right, or authority of a particular
court to hear and determine causes, to try criminals, or
to execute justice; judicial authority over a cause or
class of causes; as, certain suits or actions, or the
cognizance of certain crimes, are within the jurisdiction
of a particular court, that is, within the limits of its
authority or commission.

2. The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate;
the right of making or enforcing laws; the power or right
of exercising authority.

To live exempt From Heaven's high jurisdiction. --
Milton.

You wrought to be a legate; by which power You
maim'd the jurisdiction of all bishops. -- Shak.

3. Sphere of authority; the limits within which any
particular power may be exercised, or within which a
government or a court has authority.

Note: Jurisdiction, in its most general sense, is the power
to make, declare, or apply the law. When confined to
the judiciary department, it is what we denominate the
judicial power, the right of administering justice
through the laws, by the means which the laws have
provided for that purpose. Jurisdiction is limited to
place or territory, to persons, or to particular
subjects. --Duponceau.

Synonyms: legal power

See Also: abbacy, archbishopric, archdeaconry, bailiwick, bishopric, caliphate, diocese, district, justiciary, parish, patriarchate, power, powerfulness, territory, turf, venue, viceroyalty




Famous Quotes Containing Jurisdiction:


Like other antitrust agencies we make our assessment of a merger or antitrust case based on its impact on our jurisdiction, and not on the nationality of the companies. This is exactly what the U.S. antitrust agencies, the Justice Department and the FTC, do.

-- Mario Monti (Italian Public Servant)

No mistake is more common and more fatuous than appealing to logic in cases which are beyond her jurisdiction.

-- Samuel Butler (British Poet)

They had no right, as it seems to me, to prosecute me in these Halls; nor have you the right in law or under the Constitution, as I respectfully submit, to take jurisdiction over offenses committed against them.

-- Preston Brooks (American Politician)

The offshore ocean area under U.S. jurisdiction is larger than our land mass, and teems with plant and animal life, mineral resources, commerce, trade, and energy sources.

-- Tom Allen (American Politician)

Congress should pass legislation to remove from the federal courts their jurisdiction to hear these outrageous challenges to the Ten Commandments and the Pledge of Allegiance.

-- Phyllis Schlafly (American Activist)

Every citizen or subject of another country, while domiciled here, is within the allegiance and the protection, and consequently subject to the jurisdiction, of the United States.

-- Horace Gray (American Judge)

The real point is that totalitarian regimes have claimed jurisdiction over the whole person, and the whole society, and they don't at all believe that we should give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's and unto God that which is God's.

-- Jeane Kirkpatrick (American Diplomat)

But in my district I have heard from law enforcement officials and across the State of Florida about how much this JAG funding helps them fight crime, and to protect and serve the citizens within their jurisdiction.

-- Cliff Stearns (American Politician)

Well, it was one of my most gratifying experiences because I could devote my knowledge and my talent for the good for the City of Washington, and all the Federal projects where the Fine Arts Commission had jurisdiction, and it was a tremendous experience.

-- Felix de Weldon (American Sculptor)

But if the UN cannot or will not revise its rules in ways that establish beyond question the legality of the measures the United States must take to protect the American people, then we should unashamedly and explicitly reject the jurisdiction of these rules.

-- Richard Perle (American Public Servant)

It's not the physical location of birth that defines citizenship, but whether your parents are citizens, and the express or implied consent to jurisdiction of the sovereign.

-- Phyllis Schlafly (American Activist)

You get a lawyer whether you're in a military tribunal or whether you're in a federal court, number one. The attorney general decided that the court with the biggest - with the greatest venue, with the best jurisdiction was the New York court. That was the right decision to make.

-- Joe Biden (American Vice President)

I don't think anybody ever thought about the CIA meddling in internal affairs. The shock of the President's death called for an immediate investigation. It actually lay in the jurisdiction of Texas.

-- John Sherman Cooper (American Politician)

Fifty percent of our country that we own, have all legal jurisdiction, have all rights to do whatever we want, lies beneath the sea and we have better maps of Mars than that 50 percent.

-- Robert Ballard (American Scientist)


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