Definitions for: Judgment


[n] the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
[n] (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
[n] the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
[n] ability to make good judgments
[n] the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
[n] an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
[n] the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"



Webster (1913) Definition: Judg"ment, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities,
intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material
facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the
peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited
confidence.

I oughte deme, of skilful jugement, That in the
salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.

2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
of judgment; a politician without judgment.

He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
poor with judgment. --Ps. lxxii.
2.

Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
look. --Shak.

3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
decision.

She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.

Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
--Pope.

4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.

In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
Taylor.

Most heartily I do beseech the court To give the
judgment. --Shak.

5. (Philos.)
(a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
(1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
(3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
identical.
(b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.

A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
Hamilton.

The power by which we are enabled to perceive
what is true or false, probable or improbable,
is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
--Stewart.

6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
``Judgments are prepared for scorners.'' --Prov. xix. 29.
``This judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble.''
--Shak.

7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.

Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
acknowledgement, and lodgement.

Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.

Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
government.

Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
judge's order.

Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.

Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
court; hence, a court; a tribunal. ``We shall all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ.'' --Rom. xiv. 10.

Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.

Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.

Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.

Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
intelligence; understanding. See Taste.

Synonyms: assessment, discernment, judgement, judgement, judgement, judgement, judging, judicial decision, mind, opinion, perspicacity, sagaciousness, sagacity, sound judgement, sound judgment

See Also: act, adjudication, affirmation, arbitrament, arbitration, arbitrement, circumspection, cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, common sense, conclusion, concurring opinion, confession of judgement, confession of judgment, deciding, decision, decision making, default judgement, default judgment, determination, dictum, disapproval, discreetness, discretion, dismissal, dissenting opinion, due process, due process of law, estimate, estimation, evaluation, eye, final decision, final judgment, finding, good sense, gumption, horse sense, human action, human activity, indiscreetness, injudiciousness, instrument, judgement by default, judgement in personam, judgement in rem, judgement of dismissal, judgement on the merits, judgement on the pleadings, judgment by default, judgment in personam, judgment in rem, judgment of dismissal, judgment on the merits, judgment on the pleadings, judiciousness, legal document, legal instrument, logistic assessment, majority opinion, mother wit, non pros, non prosequitur, obiter dictum, objectiveness, objectivity, official document, opinion, opinion, personal judgement, personal judgment, persuasion, prejudgement, prejudgment, prudence, rating, reversal, ruling, sapience, sense, sentiment, subjectiveness, subjectivity, summary judgement, summary judgment, thought, trait, value judgement, value judgment, view, wisdom




Famous Quotes Containing Judgment:


An art whose medium is language will always show a high degree of critical creativeness, for speech is itself a critique of life: it names, it characterizes, it passes judgment, in that it creates.

-- Thomas Mann (German Writer)

I am not liked as a President by the politicians in office, in the press, or in Congress. But I am content to abide the judgment the sober second thought of the people.

-- Rutherford B. Hayes (American President)

Cruel and cold is the judgment of man, Cruel as winter, and cold as the snow; But by-and-by will the deed and the plan Be judged by the motive that lieth below.

-- Lewis J. Bates ( -)

An element of exaggeration clings to the popular judgment: great vices are made greater, great virtues greater also; interesting incidents are made more interesting, softer legends more soft.

-- Walter Bagehot (English Author)

It is often said that second thoughts are best. So they are in matters of judgment but not in matters of conscience.

-- John Henry Newman (British Clergyman)

Everyone complains of his memory, and nobody complains of his judgment.

-- Francois de La Rochefoucauld (French Writer)

If people suspect their Cattle Bewitched, if they be great Cattle, make the twelfth house their ascendant, and the eleventh their twelfth house, and vary your Rules with Judgment.

-- William Lilly (English Celebrity)

Reason and judgment are the qualities of a leader.

-- Tacitus (Roman Historian)

In my judgment, based on the work that has been done to this point of the Iraq Survey Group, and in fact, that I reported to you in October, Iraq was in clear violation of the terms of U.N.Resolution 1441.

-- David Kay (American Scientist)

A mistake in judgment isn't fatal, but too much anxiety about judgment is.

-- Pauline Kael (American Critic)

I notice increasing reluctance on the part of marketing executives to use judgment; they are coming to rely too much on research, and they use it as a drunkard uses a lamp post for support, rather than for illumination.

-- David Ogilvy (English Businessman)

An orator without judgment is a horse without a bridle.

-- Theophrastus (Greek Philosopher)

I consider Khomeini's position dangerous. He does not have the right to pass judgment-that is not the Islamic way.

-- Naguib Mahfouz (Egyptian Novelist)

Even as I stand here and admit that we have made mistakes I still believe that as the people of America sit in judgment on each party, they will recognize that our mistakes were mistakes of the heart. They'll recognize that.

-- Barbara Jordan (American Lawyer)

It is the work of fancy to enlarge, but of judgment to shorten and contract; and therefore this must be as far above the other as judgment is a greater and nobler faculty than fancy or imagination.

-- Robert South (English Clergyman)

Don't wait for the last judgment - it takes place every day.

-- Albert Camus (French Philosopher)

At the Day of Judgment, we shall not be asked what we have read, but what we have done.

-- Thomas Kempis (German Writer)

The Germans certainly - the intelligence service believed that there were WMD. It turns out that we were all wrong, probably in my judgment, and that is most disturbing.

-- David Kay (American Scientist)

Judgment comes from experience - and experience comes from bad judgment.

-- Walter Wriston (American Businessman)

If there is an error of human judgment, I am the human.

-- William Mulholland (Irish Scientist)

Our duty is to believe that for which we have sufficient evidence, and to suspend our judgment when we have not.

-- John Lubbock (British Statesman)

Foolish men imagine that because judgment for an evil thing is delayed, there is no justice; but only accident here below. Judgment for an evil thing is many times delayed some day or two, some century or two, but it is sure as life, it is sure as death.

-- Thomas Carlyle (Scottish Philosopher)

World history is a court of judgment.

-- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (German Philosopher)

Leaders come in many forms, with many styles and diverse qualities. There are quiet leaders and leaders one can hear in the next county. Some find strength in eloquence, some in judgment, some in courage.

-- John W. Gardner (American Educator)

There is no one right now in my judgment that can unite the Black electorate in such a way to present our agenda to a nominee to have them forthrightly address our concerns.

-- Louis Farrakhan (American Activist)

You ever try to go a day without judgment?

-- Max Cannon (American Artist)

For the judgment was accomplished not only upon all the men of the Christian church, but also upon all who are called Mohammedans, and, moreover, upon all the Gentiles in the whole world.

-- Emanuel Swedenborg (Swedish Scientist)

You can use all the quantitative data you can get, but you still have to distrust it and use your own intelligence and judgment.

-- Alvin Toffler (American Author)

In the lack of judgment great harm arises, but one vote cast can set right a house.

-- Aeschylus (Greek Poet)

The Nixon years were trying. They honed my judgment for everything I did later on. The experience also illustrated for me the importance of training young lawyers properly.

-- Fred F. Fielding (American Lawyer)

In our judgment of human transactions, the law of optics is reversed; we see the most indistinctly the objects which are close around us.

-- Richard Whately (English Writer)

Never hate your enemies. It affects your judgment.

-- Mario Puzo (American Novelist)

True scholarship consists in knowing not what things exist, but what they mean; it is not memory but judgment.

-- James Russell Lowell (American Poet)

The Administration has made critical mistakes and errors in judgment leading up to the war in Iraq. The President refuses to acknowledge these mistakes, and thus, no corrective action has been taken to prevent these problems from happening again.

-- Zoe Lofgren (American Politician)

Gradually, everything that happens in the world is coming to be of interest everywhere in the world, and, gradually, thoughtful men and women everywhere are sitting in judgment upon the conduct of all nations.

-- Elihu Root (American Lawyer)


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