Definitions for: Judgment


[n] the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
[n] (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
[n] the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
[n] ability to make good judgments
[n] the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
[n] an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
[n] the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"



Webster (1913) Definition: Judg"ment, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities,
intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material
facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the
peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited
confidence.

I oughte deme, of skilful jugement, That in the
salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.

2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
of judgment; a politician without judgment.

He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
poor with judgment. --Ps. lxxii.
2.

Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
look. --Shak.

3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
decision.

She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.

Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
--Pope.

4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.

In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
Taylor.

Most heartily I do beseech the court To give the
judgment. --Shak.

5. (Philos.)
(a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
(1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
(3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
identical.
(b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.

A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
Hamilton.

The power by which we are enabled to perceive
what is true or false, probable or improbable,
is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
--Stewart.

6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
``Judgments are prepared for scorners.'' --Prov. xix. 29.
``This judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble.''
--Shak.

7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.

Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
acknowledgement, and lodgement.

Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.

Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
government.

Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
judge's order.

Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.

Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
court; hence, a court; a tribunal. ``We shall all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ.'' --Rom. xiv. 10.

Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.

Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.

Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.

Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
intelligence; understanding. See Taste.

Synonyms: assessment, discernment, judgement, judgement, judgement, judgement, judging, judicial decision, mind, opinion, perspicacity, sagaciousness, sagacity, sound judgement, sound judgment

See Also: act, adjudication, affirmation, arbitrament, arbitration, arbitrement, circumspection, cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, common sense, conclusion, concurring opinion, confession of judgement, confession of judgment, deciding, decision, decision making, default judgement, default judgment, determination, dictum, disapproval, discreetness, discretion, dismissal, dissenting opinion, due process, due process of law, estimate, estimation, evaluation, eye, final decision, final judgment, finding, good sense, gumption, horse sense, human action, human activity, indiscreetness, injudiciousness, instrument, judgement by default, judgement in personam, judgement in rem, judgement of dismissal, judgement on the merits, judgement on the pleadings, judgment by default, judgment in personam, judgment in rem, judgment of dismissal, judgment on the merits, judgment on the pleadings, judiciousness, legal document, legal instrument, logistic assessment, majority opinion, mother wit, non pros, non prosequitur, obiter dictum, objectiveness, objectivity, official document, opinion, opinion, personal judgement, personal judgment, persuasion, prejudgement, prejudgment, prudence, rating, reversal, ruling, sapience, sense, sentiment, subjectiveness, subjectivity, summary judgement, summary judgment, thought, trait, value judgement, value judgment, view, wisdom




Famous Quotes Containing Judgment:


I think kids should have a mentor and a role model, but that they shouldn't take one person's opinion to be what we call final assessment or judgment about how life is supposed to be.

-- Sean Paul (Jamaican Musician)

The Nixon years were trying. They honed my judgment for everything I did later on. The experience also illustrated for me the importance of training young lawyers properly.

-- Fred F. Fielding (American Lawyer)

People with bad consciences always fear the judgment of children.

-- Mary McCarthy (American Author)

Our duty is to believe that for which we have sufficient evidence, and to suspend our judgment when we have not.

-- John Lubbock (British Statesman)

In my judgment, based on the work that has been done to this point of the Iraq Survey Group, and in fact, that I reported to you in October, Iraq was in clear violation of the terms of U.N.Resolution 1441.

-- David Kay (American Scientist)

A man's conscience and his judgment is the same thing; and as the judgment, so also the conscience, may be erroneous.

-- Thomas Hobbes (English Philosopher)

We know enough to stand here in truth - facing pain, cry and suffering of those who were murdered here. Face to face with the victims' families who are here today. Before the judgment of our own conscience.

-- Aleksander Kwasniewski (Polish Politician)

Hope is a great falsifier. Let good judgment keep her in check.

-- Baltasar Gracian (Spanish Philosopher)

From whichever angle one looks at it, the application of racial theories remains a striking proof of the lowered demands of public opinion upon the purity of critical judgment.

-- Johan Huizinga (Dutch Historian)

In the book of Colossians, it talks about that because of what Christ did, we are pure. We are without judgment on ourselves. And only through him can we do something like this.

-- Jim Bakker (American Celebrity)

The fact is, Latinos now own their own lives and I believe they can afford to look back without judgment.

-- Ednita Nazario (American Musician)

The jam is moving toward the Capitol where Congress sits in judgment on all the administrative agencies of Government.

-- Grace Abbott (American Activist)

For the judgment was accomplished not only upon all the men of the Christian church, but also upon all who are called Mohammedans, and, moreover, upon all the Gentiles in the whole world.

-- Emanuel Swedenborg (Swedish Scientist)

A string of excited, fugitive, miscellaneous pleasures is not happiness; happiness resides in imaginative reflection and judgment, when the picture of one's life, or of human life, as it truly has been or is, satisfies the will, and is gladly accepted.

-- George Santayana (American Philosopher)

Well, it's a humor strip, so my first responsibility has always been to entertain the reader... But if, in addition, I can help move readers to thought and judgment about issues that concern me, so much the better.

-- Garry Trudeau (American Cartoonist)

Now, if they're there to talk about something specifically, and I determine through my own editorial judgment, that another area isn't germane, or isn't an important part of it, that's something else. But we never agree to anything in advance, absolutely not.

-- Katie Couric (American Journalist)

It is the work of fancy to enlarge, but of judgment to shorten and contract; and therefore this must be as far above the other as judgment is a greater and nobler faculty than fancy or imagination.

-- Robert South (English Clergyman)

A man with a surplus can control circumstances, but a man without a surplus is controlled by them, and often has no opportunity to exercise judgment.

-- Marshall Field (American Businessman)

Indeed upon much that may have to say, I expect rather the charitable judgment than the full assent of those whose approbation I could most wish to win.

-- Asa Gray (American Scientist)

Everyone complains of his memory, and nobody complains of his judgment.

-- Francois de La Rochefoucauld (French Writer)

Biography can be the most middle-class of all forms, the judgment of little people avenging themselves on the great.

-- Edmund White (American Novelist)

If there is an error of human judgment, I am the human.

-- William Mulholland (Irish Scientist)

At the Day of Judgment, we shall not be asked what we have read, but what we have done.

-- Thomas Kempis (German Writer)

Next to sound judgment, diamonds and pearls are the rarest things in the world.

-- Jean de la Bruyere (French Philosopher)

When people learn no tools of judgment and merely follow their hopes, the seeds of political manipulation are sown.

-- Stephen Jay Gould (American Scientist)

Failure is simply a few errors in judgment, repeated every day.

-- Jim Rohn (American Businessman)

Do you not yet understand what has made woman what she is? Then see what the sickly taste and perverted judgment of man now admires in woman.

-- Ernestine Rose ( Activist)

Bigotry and judgment are the height of insecurity.

-- Jasmine Guy (American Actress)

The original judgment of the FBI, the Secret Service, and the CIA was that there were three shots. I don't think that convinced us except as a statement by people, many of them who were familiar with ballistics. This question troubled me greatly.

-- John Sherman Cooper (American Politician)

The growth of modern constitutional government compels for its successful practice the exercise of reason and considerate judgment by the individual citizens who constitute the electorate.

-- Elihu Root (American Lawyer)

The idea is to try to give all the information to help others to judge the value of your contribution; not just the information that leads to judgment in one particular direction or another.

-- Richard P. Feynman (American Physicist)

Most people suspend their judgment till somebody else has expressed his own and then they repeat it.

-- Ernest Dimnet (French Clergyman)

When critics sit in judgment it is hard to tell where justice leaves off and vengeance begins.

-- Chuck Jones (American Director)

Leaders come in many forms, with many styles and diverse qualities. There are quiet leaders and leaders one can hear in the next county. Some find strength in eloquence, some in judgment, some in courage.

-- John W. Gardner (American Educator)

The repudiation of the primacy of understanding means the repudiation of the norms of judgment as well, and hence the abandonment of all ethical standards.

-- Johan Huizinga (Dutch Historian)


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