Definitions for: Judgment


[n] the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
[n] (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
[n] the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
[n] ability to make good judgments
[n] the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
[n] an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
[n] the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"



Webster (1913) Definition: Judg"ment, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities,
intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material
facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the
peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited
confidence.

I oughte deme, of skilful jugement, That in the
salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.

2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
of judgment; a politician without judgment.

He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
poor with judgment. --Ps. lxxii.
2.

Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
look. --Shak.

3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
decision.

She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.

Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
--Pope.

4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.

In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
Taylor.

Most heartily I do beseech the court To give the
judgment. --Shak.

5. (Philos.)
(a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
(1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
(3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
identical.
(b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.

A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
Hamilton.

The power by which we are enabled to perceive
what is true or false, probable or improbable,
is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
--Stewart.

6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
``Judgments are prepared for scorners.'' --Prov. xix. 29.
``This judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble.''
--Shak.

7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.

Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
acknowledgement, and lodgement.

Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.

Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
government.

Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
judge's order.

Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.

Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
court; hence, a court; a tribunal. ``We shall all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ.'' --Rom. xiv. 10.

Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.

Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.

Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.

Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
intelligence; understanding. See Taste.

Synonyms: assessment, discernment, judgement, judgement, judgement, judgement, judging, judicial decision, mind, opinion, perspicacity, sagaciousness, sagacity, sound judgement, sound judgment

See Also: act, adjudication, affirmation, arbitrament, arbitration, arbitrement, circumspection, cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, common sense, conclusion, concurring opinion, confession of judgement, confession of judgment, deciding, decision, decision making, default judgement, default judgment, determination, dictum, disapproval, discreetness, discretion, dismissal, dissenting opinion, due process, due process of law, estimate, estimation, evaluation, eye, final decision, final judgment, finding, good sense, gumption, horse sense, human action, human activity, indiscreetness, injudiciousness, instrument, judgement by default, judgement in personam, judgement in rem, judgement of dismissal, judgement on the merits, judgement on the pleadings, judgment by default, judgment in personam, judgment in rem, judgment of dismissal, judgment on the merits, judgment on the pleadings, judiciousness, legal document, legal instrument, logistic assessment, majority opinion, mother wit, non pros, non prosequitur, obiter dictum, objectiveness, objectivity, official document, opinion, opinion, personal judgement, personal judgment, persuasion, prejudgement, prejudgment, prudence, rating, reversal, ruling, sapience, sense, sentiment, subjectiveness, subjectivity, summary judgement, summary judgment, thought, trait, value judgement, value judgment, view, wisdom




Famous Quotes Containing Judgment:


Watergate showed more strengths in our system than weaknesses... The whole country did take part in quite a genuine sense in passing judgment on Richard Nixon.

-- Archibald Cox (American Public Servant)

A computer does not substitute for judgment any more than a pencil substitutes for literacy. But writing without a pencil is no particular advantage.

-- Robert McNamara (American Public Servant)

To make a coverage decision, doesn't one have to make a medical judgment?

-- John Paul Stevens ( Judge)

Biography can be the most middle-class of all forms, the judgment of little people avenging themselves on the great.

-- Edmund White (American Novelist)

It is a sad thing when men have neither the wit to speak well nor the judgment to hold their tongues.

-- Jean de la Bruyere (French Philosopher)

Don't wait for the last judgment - it takes place every day.

-- Albert Camus (French Philosopher)

I can only speak for myself, and hope people hear my words and see me on television speaking for myself. And, hopefully, they'll be able to make their own judgment. And at the end of the day, I just want my work to speak for itself.

-- Jennifer Lopez ( Musician)

First and foremost, you have to make the movie for yourself. And that's not to say, to hell with everyone else, but what else have you got to go on but your own taste and judgment?

-- Harold Ramis (American Actor)

Judicial judgment must take deep account of the day before yesterday in order that yesterday may not paralyze today.

-- Felix Frankfurter (American Judge)

I consider Khomeini's position dangerous. He does not have the right to pass judgment-that is not the Islamic way.

-- Naguib Mahfouz (Egyptian Novelist)

Our analysis of truth and falsehood, or of the nature of judgment, is not very likely to be influenced by our hopes and fears.

-- Charles D. Broad ( -)

Interest is the spur of the people, but glory that of great souls. Invention is the talent of youth, and judgment of age.

-- Jonathan Swift (Irish Writer)

Good judgment comes from experience, and a lot of that comes from bad judgment.

-- Will Rogers (American Actor)

The jam is moving toward the Capitol where Congress sits in judgment on all the administrative agencies of Government.

-- Grace Abbott (American Activist)

Judgment of the people in the situation is not helpful. How can you help them is the question.

-- Russell Simmons (American Businessman)

When critics sit in judgment it is hard to tell where justice leaves off and vengeance begins.

-- Chuck Jones (American Director)

It is often said that second thoughts are best. So they are in matters of judgment but not in matters of conscience.

-- John Henry Newman (British Clergyman)

Every man prefers belief to the exercise of judgment.

-- Lucius Annaeus Seneca (Roman Statesman)

An element of exaggeration clings to the popular judgment: great vices are made greater, great virtues greater also; interesting incidents are made more interesting, softer legends more soft.

-- Walter Bagehot (English Author)

A primary function of art and thought is to liberate the individual from the tyranny of his culture in the environmental sense and to permit him to stand beyond it in an autonomy of perception and judgment.

-- Beverly Sills (American Musician)

Judgment is not upon all occasions required, but discretion always is.

-- Philip Stanhope (British Statesman)

Any critic is entitled to wrong judgments, of course. But certain lapses of judgment indicate the radical failure of an entire sensibility.

-- Susan Sontag (American Author)

It is the work of fancy to enlarge, but of judgment to shorten and contract; and therefore this must be as far above the other as judgment is a greater and nobler faculty than fancy or imagination.

-- Robert South (English Clergyman)

Never hate your enemies. It affects your judgment.

-- Mario Puzo (American Novelist)

The right of conscience and private judgment is unalienable, and it is truly the interest of all mankind to unite themselves into one body for the liberty, free exercise, and unmolested enjoyment of this right.

-- Ezra Stiles (American Clergyman)

We all have these tendencies in us that could go this way or that. I think that's the real key in writing. To look at a character without judgment.

-- Paul Haggis (Canadian Director)

Our duty is to believe that for which we have sufficient evidence, and to suspend our judgment when we have not.

-- John Lubbock (British Statesman)

At the Day of Judgment, we shall not be asked what we have read, but what we have done.

-- Thomas Kempis (German Writer)

How little do they see what really is, who frame their hasty judgment upon that which seems.

-- Daniel Webster (American Statesman)

I mistrust the judgment of every man in a case in which his own wishes are concerned.

-- Daniel Webster (American Statesman)

It is only requisite, for me to say to you, that the President places great reliance upon your skill, judgment and intimate knowledge.

-- Anson Jones (American Public Servant)

In our judgment of human transactions, the law of optics is reversed; we see the most indistinctly the objects which are close around us.

-- Richard Whately (English Writer)

I shall tell you a great secret, my friend. Do not wait for the last judgment, it takes place every day.

-- Albert Camus (French Philosopher)

If someone is making a judgment when they don't have firsthand experience, it's intolerant. How can you make a judgment on something you don't know about?

-- Beck (American Musician)

I was probably in the best shape of any athlete at the time, but you don't get to pass judgment on yourself.

-- Steve Carlton (American Athlete)


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