Definitions for: Judgment


[n] the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
[n] (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
[n] the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
[n] ability to make good judgments
[n] the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
[n] an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
[n] the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"



Webster (1913) Definition: Judg"ment, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities,
intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material
facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the
peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited
confidence.

I oughte deme, of skilful jugement, That in the
salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.

2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
of judgment; a politician without judgment.

He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
poor with judgment. --Ps. lxxii.
2.

Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
look. --Shak.

3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
decision.

She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.

Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
--Pope.

4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.

In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
Taylor.

Most heartily I do beseech the court To give the
judgment. --Shak.

5. (Philos.)
(a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
(1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
(3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
identical.
(b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.

A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
Hamilton.

The power by which we are enabled to perceive
what is true or false, probable or improbable,
is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
--Stewart.

6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
``Judgments are prepared for scorners.'' --Prov. xix. 29.
``This judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble.''
--Shak.

7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.

Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
acknowledgement, and lodgement.

Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.

Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
government.

Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
judge's order.

Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.

Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
court; hence, a court; a tribunal. ``We shall all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ.'' --Rom. xiv. 10.

Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.

Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.

Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.

Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
intelligence; understanding. See Taste.

Synonyms: assessment, discernment, judgement, judgement, judgement, judgement, judging, judicial decision, mind, opinion, perspicacity, sagaciousness, sagacity, sound judgement, sound judgment

See Also: act, adjudication, affirmation, arbitrament, arbitration, arbitrement, circumspection, cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, common sense, conclusion, concurring opinion, confession of judgement, confession of judgment, deciding, decision, decision making, default judgement, default judgment, determination, dictum, disapproval, discreetness, discretion, dismissal, dissenting opinion, due process, due process of law, estimate, estimation, evaluation, eye, final decision, final judgment, finding, good sense, gumption, horse sense, human action, human activity, indiscreetness, injudiciousness, instrument, judgement by default, judgement in personam, judgement in rem, judgement of dismissal, judgement on the merits, judgement on the pleadings, judgment by default, judgment in personam, judgment in rem, judgment of dismissal, judgment on the merits, judgment on the pleadings, judiciousness, legal document, legal instrument, logistic assessment, majority opinion, mother wit, non pros, non prosequitur, obiter dictum, objectiveness, objectivity, official document, opinion, opinion, personal judgement, personal judgment, persuasion, prejudgement, prejudgment, prudence, rating, reversal, ruling, sapience, sense, sentiment, subjectiveness, subjectivity, summary judgement, summary judgment, thought, trait, value judgement, value judgment, view, wisdom




Famous Quotes Containing Judgment:


It is sound judgment to hope that in the not too distant future we shall be competent to understand so simple a thing as a star.

-- Arthur Eddington (British Scientist)

It is the highest form of self-respect to admit our errors and mistakes and make amends for them. To make a mistake is only an error in judgment, but to adhere to it when it is discovered shows infirmity of character.

-- Dale Turner ( -)

Then, as the day progresses, depending on how the product is coming in - for instance, the fish man will fax us and say black bass is great - throughout the day, we'll also make judgment calls and adapt to what's available.

-- Thomas Keller (American Celebrity)

They thought that I was a man with reasonable judgment, so I was never under pressure from my parents; I could do whatever I wanted. I never had a negative word from them, nothing whatsoever.

-- Shimon Peres (Israeli Statesman)

Do you not yet understand what has made woman what she is? Then see what the sickly taste and perverted judgment of man now admires in woman.

-- Ernestine Rose ( Activist)

I shall tell you a great secret, my friend. Do not wait for the last judgment, it takes place every day.

-- Albert Camus (French Philosopher)

I mistrust the judgment of every man in a case in which his own wishes are concerned.

-- Daniel Webster (American Statesman)

Even as I stand here and admit that we have made mistakes I still believe that as the people of America sit in judgment on each party, they will recognize that our mistakes were mistakes of the heart. They'll recognize that.

-- Barbara Jordan (American Lawyer)

Every man prefers belief to the exercise of judgment.

-- Lucius Annaeus Seneca (Roman Statesman)

Justice and judgment lie often a world apart.

-- Emmeline Pankhurst (English Activist)

So long as there are earnest believers in the world, they will always wish to punish opinions, even if their judgment tells them it is unwise and their conscience that it is wrong.

-- Walter Bagehot (English Author)

Propaganda must appeal to mankind's better judgment and to the necessary belief in a better future. For this belief, the valley of the shadow of death is but a war station on the road to the blessed summit.

-- Christian Lous Lange (Norwegian Politician)

The susceptibility of the average modern to pictorial suggestion enables advertising to exploit his lessened power of judgment.

-- Johan Huizinga (Dutch Historian)

True scholarship consists in knowing not what things exist, but what they mean; it is not memory but judgment.

-- James Russell Lowell (American Poet)

Thy books should, like thy friends, not many be, yet such wherein men may thy judgment see.

-- William Wycherley (English Dramatist)

There is no one right now in my judgment that can unite the Black electorate in such a way to present our agenda to a nominee to have them forthrightly address our concerns.

-- Louis Farrakhan (American Activist)

A hallucination is a fact, not an error; what is erroneous is a judgment based upon it.

-- Bertrand Russell (British Philosopher)

From reading too much, and sleeping too little, his brain dried up on him and he lost his judgment.

-- Miguel de Cervantes (Spanish Novelist)

Judgment is not upon all occasions required, but discretion always is.

-- Philip Stanhope (British Statesman)

Do not confuse beauty with beautiful. Beautiful is a human judgment. Beauty is All. The difference is everything.

-- Matthew Fox ( -)

A computer does not substitute for judgment any more than a pencil substitutes for literacy. But writing without a pencil is no particular advantage.

-- Robert McNamara (American Public Servant)

Judicial judgment must take deep account of the day before yesterday in order that yesterday may not paralyze today.

-- Felix Frankfurter (American Judge)

The fact is, Latinos now own their own lives and I believe they can afford to look back without judgment.

-- Ednita Nazario (American Musician)

Cruel and cold is the judgment of man, Cruel as winter, and cold as the snow; But by-and-by will the deed and the plan Be judged by the motive that lieth below.

-- Lewis J. Bates ( -)

AIDS is a judgment we have brought upon ourselves.

-- Mary Whitehouse (British Activist)

If modesty and candor are necessary to an author in his judgment of his own works, no less are they in his reader.

-- Sarah Fielding ( -)

To begin with myself, then, the utterances of men concerning me will differ widely, since in passing judgment almost every one is influenced not so much by truth as by preference, and good and evil report alike know no bounds.

-- Petrarch (Italian Poet)

I can only speak for myself, and hope people hear my words and see me on television speaking for myself. And, hopefully, they'll be able to make their own judgment. And at the end of the day, I just want my work to speak for itself.

-- Jennifer Lopez ( Musician)

The fans know that I have been giving it my all and that we had the good judgment to when to say when.

-- Bobby Rahal (American Athlete)

Outward judgment often fails, inward judgment never.

-- Theodore Parker (American Theologian)

It is a sad thing when men have neither the wit to speak well nor the judgment to hold their tongues.

-- Jean de la Bruyere (French Philosopher)

English usage is sometimes more than mere taste, judgment and education - sometimes it's sheer luck, like getting across the street.

-- E. B. White (American Writer)

We have gotten some terrible reviews at times but if we depended on the judgment of the studios or critics, we never would have made more than one movie.

-- Ismail Merchant (Indian Producer)

People with bad consciences always fear the judgment of children.

-- Mary McCarthy (American Author)

A negative judgment gives you more satisfaction than praise, provided it smacks of jealousy.

-- Jean Baudrillard (French Sociologist)


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