Definitions for: Judgment


[n] the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
[n] (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
[n] the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
[n] ability to make good judgments
[n] the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
[n] an opinion formed by judging something; "he was reluctant to make his judgment known"; "she changed her mind"
[n] the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision; "opinions are usually written by a single judge"



Webster (1913) Definition: Judg"ment, n. [OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL.
judicamentum, fr. L. judicare. See Judge, v. i.]
1. The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving
comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the
values and relations of thins, whether of moral qualities,
intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material
facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the
peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited
confidence.

I oughte deme, of skilful jugement, That in the
salte sea my wife is deed. --Chaucer.

2. The power or faculty of performing such operations (see
1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or
deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man
of judgment; a politician without judgment.

He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy
poor with judgment. --Ps. lxxii.
2.

Hernia. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.
Theseus. Rather your eyes must with his judgment
look. --Shak.

3. The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a
decision.

She in my judgment was as fair as you. --Shak.

Who first his judgment asked, and then a place.
--Pope.

4. The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is
conformable to law and justice; also, the determination,
decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the
mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.

In judgments between rich and poor, consider not
what the poor man needs, but what is his own. --Jer.
Taylor.

Most heartily I do beseech the court To give the
judgment. --Shak.

5. (Philos.)
(a) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas
which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the
purpose of ascertaining their agreement or
disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold:
(1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of
concepts giving what is technically called a judgment.
(3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments
have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and
identical.
(b) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent
upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.

A judgment is the mental act by which one thing
is affirmed or denied of another. --Sir W.
Hamilton.

The power by which we are enabled to perceive
what is true or false, probable or improbable,
is called by logicians the faculty of judgment.
--Stewart.

6. A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense
for wrong committed; a providential punishment.
``Judgments are prepared for scorners.'' --Prov. xix. 29.
``This judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble.''
--Shak.

7. (Theol.) The final award; the last sentence.

Note: Judgment, abridgment, acknowledgment, and lodgment are
in England sometimes written, judgement, abridgement,
acknowledgement, and lodgement.

Note: Judgment is used adjectively in many self-explaining
combinations; as, judgment hour; judgment throne.

Judgment day (Theol.), the last day, or period when final
judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral
government.

Judgment debt (Law), a debt secured to the creditor by a
judge's order.

Judgment hall, a hall where courts are held.

Judgment seat, the seat or bench on which judges sit in
court; hence, a court; a tribunal. ``We shall all stand
before the judgment seat of Christ.'' --Rom. xiv. 10.

Judgment summons (Law), a proceeding by a judgment creditor
against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.

Arrest of judgment. (Law) See under Arrest, n.

Judgment of God, a term formerly applied to extraordinary
trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by
ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work
miracles to vindicate innocence. See under Ordeal.

Syn: Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate;
criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity;
intelligence; understanding. See Taste.

Synonyms: assessment, discernment, judgement, judgement, judgement, judgement, judging, judicial decision, mind, opinion, perspicacity, sagaciousness, sagacity, sound judgement, sound judgment

See Also: act, adjudication, affirmation, arbitrament, arbitration, arbitrement, circumspection, cognovit judgement, cognovit judgment, common sense, conclusion, concurring opinion, confession of judgement, confession of judgment, deciding, decision, decision making, default judgement, default judgment, determination, dictum, disapproval, discreetness, discretion, dismissal, dissenting opinion, due process, due process of law, estimate, estimation, evaluation, eye, final decision, final judgment, finding, good sense, gumption, horse sense, human action, human activity, indiscreetness, injudiciousness, instrument, judgement by default, judgement in personam, judgement in rem, judgement of dismissal, judgement on the merits, judgement on the pleadings, judgment by default, judgment in personam, judgment in rem, judgment of dismissal, judgment on the merits, judgment on the pleadings, judiciousness, legal document, legal instrument, logistic assessment, majority opinion, mother wit, non pros, non prosequitur, obiter dictum, objectiveness, objectivity, official document, opinion, opinion, personal judgement, personal judgment, persuasion, prejudgement, prejudgment, prudence, rating, reversal, ruling, sapience, sense, sentiment, subjectiveness, subjectivity, summary judgement, summary judgment, thought, trait, value judgement, value judgment, view, wisdom




Famous Quotes Containing Judgment:


But if the young are never tired of erring in conduct, neither are the older in erring of judgment.

-- Fanny Burney (English Novelist)

Leaders come in many forms, with many styles and diverse qualities. There are quiet leaders and leaders one can hear in the next county. Some find strength in eloquence, some in judgment, some in courage.

-- John W. Gardner (American Educator)

I must begin by saying something about the old Germany. That Germany, too, suffered from superficial judgment, because appearances and reality were not always kept apart in people's minds.

-- Gustav Stresemann (German Politician)

In our judgment of human transactions, the law of optics is reversed; we see the most indistinctly the objects which are close around us.

-- Richard Whately (English Writer)

It is a sad thing when men have neither the wit to speak well nor the judgment to hold their tongues.

-- Jean de la Bruyere (French Philosopher)

Men of ill judgment ignore the good that lies within their hands, till they have lost it.

-- Sophocles (Greek Poet)

Abortion on demand has, in my judgment, contributed significantly to an environment in our country in which life has become very cheap.

-- Robert Casey (American Politician)

I am not liked as a President by the politicians in office, in the press, or in Congress. But I am content to abide the judgment the sober second thought of the people.

-- Rutherford B. Hayes (American President)

When a man spends his time giving his wife criticism and advice instead of compliments, he forgets that it was not his good judgment, but his charming manners, that won her heart.

-- Helen Rowland (American Writer)

The order of the world is always right - such is the judgment of God. For God has departed, but he has left his judgment behind, the way the Cheshire Cat left his grin.

-- Jean Baudrillard (French Sociologist)

Always Do Your Best. Your best is going to change from moment to moment; it will be different when you are healthy as opposed to sick. Under any circumstance, simply do your best, and you will avoid self-judgment, self-abuse and regret.

-- Miguel Angel Ruiz (Mexican Author)

The Nixon years were trying. They honed my judgment for everything I did later on. The experience also illustrated for me the importance of training young lawyers properly.

-- Fred F. Fielding (American Lawyer)

Architecture is a science arising out of many other sciences, and adorned with much and varied learning; by the help of which a judgment is formed of those works which are the result of other arts.

-- Marcus V. Pollio ( -)

It's a disgrace that we have millions of people who are uninsured, but at the same time too - in the eyes of the American people, in my judgment, it looked as if that somehow become more important than the main attack which was to fix the economy and get the Americans working again.

-- Colin Powell (American Statesman)

My failures have been errors in judgment, not of intent.

-- Ulysses S. Grant (American President)

Biography can be the most middle-class of all forms, the judgment of little people avenging themselves on the great.

-- Edmund White (American Novelist)

In the book of Colossians, it talks about that because of what Christ did, we are pure. We are without judgment on ourselves. And only through him can we do something like this.

-- Jim Bakker (American Celebrity)

Hope is a great falsifier. Let good judgment keep her in check.

-- Baltasar Gracian (Spanish Philosopher)

You're not a historian, but most historians will tell you that they make very discrete judgment as to what facts to omit in order to make their book into some shape, some length that can be managed.

-- Oliver Stone (American Director)

I think kids should have a mentor and a role model, but that they shouldn't take one person's opinion to be what we call final assessment or judgment about how life is supposed to be.

-- Sean Paul (Jamaican Musician)

It is the duty of the Umpire to determine all questions submitted to him according to these laws, when they apply, and according to his best judgment when they do not apply.

-- Howard Staunton (English Celebrity)

All it takes is one drink to mess with the way you drive - it clouds your judgment and slows your reflexes. Don't take any chances. It just isn't worth it.

-- Paris Hilton (American Celebrity)

A hallucination is a fact, not an error; what is erroneous is a judgment based upon it.

-- Bertrand Russell (British Philosopher)

It is the work of fancy to enlarge, but of judgment to shorten and contract; and therefore this must be as far above the other as judgment is a greater and nobler faculty than fancy or imagination.

-- Robert South (English Clergyman)

It is unfortunate that the poor judgment shown by a small group of young actors has tarnished the reputation of every child who has ever appeared before a camera.

-- Fred Savage (American Actor)

Your representative owes you, not his industry only, but his judgment; and he betrays instead of serving you if he sacrifices it to your opinion.

-- Edmund Burke (Irish Statesman)

True scholarship consists in knowing not what things exist, but what they mean; it is not memory but judgment.

-- James Russell Lowell (American Poet)

I don't think my judgment is that good. I don't know what is funny.

-- Jerry Stiller (American Comedian)

One cool judgment is worth a thousand hasty counsels. The thing to do is to supply light and not heat.

-- Woodrow Wilson (American President)

Let us consider that swearing is a sin of all others peculiarly clamorous, and provocative of Divine judgment.

-- Isaac Barrow (English Mathematician)

If there is a doubt, I believe that I must put myself forward and undergo the people's judgment.

-- Moo-hyum Roh ( -)

Most people suspend their judgment till somebody else has expressed his own and then they repeat it.

-- Ernest Dimnet (French Clergyman)

Be wary of passing the judgment: obscure. To find something obscure poses no difficult, elephants and poodles find many things obscure.

-- Georg C. Lichtenberg ( Physicist)

I don't see women and think of them as competition or with judgment. Women really move me. I feel connected to all kinds of women. I am angry because I think we've been mistreated throughout history in different countries, including America. I admire women.

-- Salma Hayek (Mexican Actress)

If all Church power vests in the clergy, then the people are practically bound to passive obedience in all matters of faith and practice; for all right of private judgment is then denied.

-- Charles Hodge (American Theologian)


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