Definitions for: Judge


[n] an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
[n] a public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice
[v] form an opinion of or pass judgment on
[v] determine the result of, as of a competition
[v] form an opinion about; judge tentatively; form an estimate of, as of quantities or time; "I estimate this chicken to weigh at three pounds"
[v] pronounce judgment on; "They labeled him unfit to work here"
[v] put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of; "The football star was tried for the murder of his wife"; "The judge tried both father and son in separate trials"



Webster (1913) Definition: Judge, n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F.
juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.]
1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to
hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer
justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.

The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct
the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or
impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and
collate the material points of that which hath been
said; and to give the rule or sentence. --Bacon.

2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to
decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or
value of anything; one who discerns properties or
relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an
expert; a critic.

A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of
poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a
painting. --Dryden.

3. A person appointed to decide in a?trial of skill, speed,
etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge
in a horse race.

4. (Jewish Hist.) One of supreme magistrates, with both civil
and military powers, who governed Israel for more than
four hundred years.

5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament;
the Book of Judges.

Judge Advocate (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as
prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the
representative of the government, as the responsible
adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as
counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel.

Judge-Advocate General, in the United States, the title of
two officers, one attached to the War Department and
having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached
to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of
marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the
Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs
a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation
of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of
the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the
proceedings of courts-martial.

Syn: Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee.

Usage: A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed
to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person
selected to decide between two or more who contend for
a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two
contestants their portion of a claim, usually on
grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one
to whom a case is referred for final adjustment.
Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary,
sometimes appointed by a court.


Judge, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Judged; p. pr. & vb. n.
Judging.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare,
fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim,
pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See Just, a., and
Diction, and cf. Judicial.]
1. To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as
a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence.

The Lord judge between thee and me. --Gen. xvi. 5.

Father, who art judge Of all things made, and
judgest only right! --Milton.

2. To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in
judgment or commendation; to criticise or pass adverse
judgment upon others. See Judge, v. t., 3.

Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all. --Shak.

3. To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations
and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood;
to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an
opinion about.

Judge not according to the appearance. --John vii.
24.

She is wise if I can judge of her. --Shak.


Judge, v. t.
1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a
court, or a controversy between two parties. ``Chaos
[shall] judge the strife.'' --Milton.

2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom.

God shall judge the righteous and the wicked.
--Eccl. iii.
7.

To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness, And to
be judged by him. --Shak.

3. To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment
upon; to be censorious toward.

Judge not, that ye be not judged. --Matt. vii.
1.

4. To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to
reckon.

If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord.
--Acts xvi.
15.

5. To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern.
[Obs.]

Make us a king to judge us. --1 Sam. viii.
5.

Synonyms: adjudicate, approximate, evaluator, gauge, guess, jurist, justice, label, magistrate, pronounce, try

See Also: accept, acquit, adjudge, adjudge, adjudicate, adjudicator, anticipate, appraise, appraiser, approve, ascribe, assess, assign, assoil, attribute, authority, believe, calculate, chief justice, choose, cipher, clear, compute, conceive, consider, convict, count, count on, court-martial, critic, critique, cypher, Daniel, decide, decide, declare, declare, determine, disapprove, discharge, disqualify, doge, enquire, essay, estimate, evaluate, examine, exculpate, exonerate, expect, fail, figure, find, forecast, functionary, give, grade, guesstimate, hold, hold, impute, inquire, intonate, intone, justice of the peace, justiciar, justiciary, lowball, make, make up one's mind, measure, misgauge, nasalise, nasalize, official, order, ordinary, overestimate, overrate, pass, place, praetor, prejudge, pretor, prove, put, qualify, quantise, quantize, range, rank, rate, reappraise, reckon, recorder, referee, reject, repute, resolve, review, rule, Samson, set, settle, stand, stipendiary, stipendiary magistrate, test, think, tout, trial judge, trier, truncate, try, try out, umpire, underestimate, valuate, valuator, value, wonder, work out

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Famous Quotes Containing Judge:


I ask you to judge me by the enemies I have made.

-- Franklin D. Roosevelt (American President)

You can have many different selection systems, but the bottom line has to be a system that, once the judge takes office that judge will feel that he or she is to decide the case without reference to the popular thing or the popular will of the moment.

-- Stephen Breyer (American Judge)

You shall judge a man by his foes as well as by his friends.

-- Joseph Conrad (Polish Novelist)

I have been a judge for 15 years and I've made up my own mind during all that time.

-- Samuel Alito ( -)

But he said Blanket Hill should be a national monument. And so we came out of his chambers feeling, though while we had lost to the powers of darkness, we had at least shown one Federal Judge what the right path would have been.

-- William Kunstler (American Activist)

American teachers have one indisputable advantage over foreign ones; they understand the American temperament and can judge its unevenness, its lights and its shadows.

-- John Philip Sousa (American Musician)

Where do murderers go, man! Who's to doom, when the judge himself is dragged to the bar?

-- Herman Melville (American Novelist)

Judge the goodness of a book by the energy of the punches it has given you. I believe the greatest characteristic of genius, is, above all, force.

-- Gustave Flaubert (French Novelist)

Violence is not to be undertaken by private persons. If a state or administration acts without due and visible attention to agreed international process, it acts in a way analogous to a private person. It purports to be judge of its own interest.

-- Rowan Williams (English Theologian)

You can judge your age by the amount of pain you feel when you come in contact with a new idea.

-- Pearl S. Buck (American Novelist)

A church of dialogue in the contemporary world... a church, taking on the mission of Jesus, which is in the world not to judge humanity, but to love it and to save it.

-- Claudio Hummes ( -)

Critics are entitled to have an opinion, but how can they judge how comfortable a building is? No critic is smart enough to judge how a building will perform over time.

-- Helmut Jahn ( Architect)

When undertaking marriage, everyone must be the judge of his own thoughts, and take counsel from himself.

-- Francois Rabelais (French Clergyman)

When I went to law school, which after all was back in the dark ages, we never looked beyond our borders for precedents. As a state court judge, it never would have occurred to me to do so, and when I got to the Supreme Court, it was very much the same. We just didn't do it.

-- Sandra Day O'Connor (American Judge)

That liberty is a great thing we may know from our own feelings, and we may likewise judge so from the conduct of the white-people, in the late war.

-- Jupiter Hammon (American Poet)

So I went in front of the judge, and I had my St. Jude prayer book in my pocket and my St. Jude medal. And I'm standing there and that judge said I was found guilty, so he sentenced me to what the law prescribed: one to 14 years.

-- Aaron Neville (American Musician)

Whoever named it necking was a poor judge of anatomy.

-- Groucho Marx (American Comedian)

In the restaurant business, you never want to have enemies, whereas it seems that many politicians judge their success by how high their enemies are and whether they can show that they can hold their ground and give a punch for every punch they take.

-- John Hickenlooper (American Politician)

I hope that posterity will judge me kindly, not only as to the things which I have explained, but also to those which I have intentionally omitted so as to leave to others the pleasure of discovery.

-- Rene Descartes (French Mathematician)

What do we tell our children? Haste makes waste. Look before you leap. Stop and think. Don't judge a book by its cover. We believe that we are always better off gathering as much information as possible and spending as much time as possible in deliberation.

-- Malcolm Gladwell (Canadian Author)

The judge gave Michael permission to issue a statement. I think Jackson went way outside the bounds of the judge's intent. It will be interesting to see what the judge does tomorrow in court.

-- Catherine Crier (American Journalist)

I'm 36 and if I met a woman of my own age and married her, I'd also be marrying her former life, her past. It might be OK for some people - I don't want to judge it or anything - but it's not for me. It would destroy my creativity.

-- Henry Rollins (American Musician)

Any judge who allows an adulterer with a live-in girlfriend to terminate the life of his wife should be impeached.

-- Phyllis Schlafly (American Activist)

So my attorneys brought litigation in the U.S. federal courts. The judge ruled in our favor.

-- Jeremy Rifkin (American Economist)

Let the Lord judge the criminals.

-- Tupac Shakur (American Musician)

If two friends ask you to judge a dispute, don't accept, because you will lose one friend; on the other hand, if two strangers come with the same request, accept because you will gain one friend.

-- Saint Augustine ( Saint)

I think we need to start with Philadelphia and make sure that we actually get some election reform in Philadelphia. Actually, a recent election was thrown out by a federal judge because of corruption with the voting process in Philadelphia.

-- Patrick McHenry (American Politician)

It is just as cowardly to judge an absent person as it is wicked to strike a defenseless one. Only the ignorant and narrow-minded gossip, for they speak of persons instead of things.

-- Lawrence G. Lovasik ( Clergyman)

I can usually judge a fellow by what he laughs at.

-- Wilson Mizner (American Dramatist)

Great minds are to make others great. Their superiority is to be used, not to break the multitude to intellectual vassalage, not to establish over them a spiritual tyranny, but to rouse them from lethargy, and to aid them to judge for themselves.

-- William Ellery Channing (American Writer)

We've been following Judge Alito's career over the last 15 years, while he's been on the Court of Appeals.

-- Jay Alan Sekulow (American Lawyer)

Our dependency makes slaves out of us, especially if this dependency is a dependency of our self-esteem. If you need encouragement, praise, pats on the back from everybody, then you make everybody your judge.

-- Fritz Perls (American Psychologist)

Shakespeare said pretty well everything and what he left out, James Joyce, with a judge from meself, put in.

-- Brendan Behan (Irish Dramatist)

I don't judge people by their sexual orientation or the color of their skin, so I find it really hard to identify someone by saying that they're a gay person or a black person or a Jewish person.

-- Diana Ross (American Actress)

I don't judge others. I say if you feel good with what you're doing, let your freak flag fly.

-- Sarah Jessica Parker (American Actress)


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