Definitions for: Information


[n] (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"
[n] knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
[n] a message received and understood that reduces the recipient's uncertainty
[n] formal accusation of a crime
[n] a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn; "statistical data"



Webster (1913) Definition: In`for*ma"tion, n. [F., fr. L. informatio
representation, cinception. See Inform, v. t.]
1. The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or
intelligence.

The active informations of the intellect. --South.

2. News, advice, or knowledge, communicated by others or
obtained by personal study and investigation;
intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation,
or instruction.

Larger opportunities of information. --Rogers.

He should get some information in the subject he
intends to handle. --Swift.

3. (Law) A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some
offens against the government, instituted and prosecuted,
really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on
behalt of the government. It differs from an indictment in
criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding
of a grand juri. See Indictment.

Synonyms: data, entropy, info, selective information

See Also: accumulation, accusal, accusation, acquaintance, aggregation, arcanum, assemblage, background, background knowledge, circumstance, cognition, collection, condition, confirmation, consideration, content, conversance, conversancy, course of study, curriculum, data format, data formatting, data point, database, datum, details, evidence, evidence, example, fact, fact, factoid, familiarity, format, formatting, gen, grounds, illustration, information measure, input, inside information, insider information, instance, intelligence, intelligence information, knowledge, material, message, misinformation, news, noesis, nuts and bolts, predictor, program, propaganda, raw data, report, report card, representative, secret, stimulant, stimulation, stimulus, study, stuff, subject matter, substance, syllabus, tabular matter, tabulation, tidings, tip-off, word

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