Definitions for: Extract


[n] a passage selected from a larger work; "he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"
[n] a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
[v] extract by the process of distillation; "distill the essence of this compound"
[v] calculate the root of a number
[v] take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy
[v] draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; "pull weeds"; "extract a bad tooth"; "take out a splinter"; "extract information from the telegram"
[v] obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; "Italians express coffee rather than filter it"
[v] separate (a metal) from an ore
[v] deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning); "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"
[v] get despite difficulties or obstacles; "I extracted a promise from the Dean for two ne positions"



Webster (1913) Definition: Ex*tract", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Extracted; p. pr. &
vb. n. Extracting.] [L. extractus, p. p. of extrahere to
extract; ex out + trahere to draw. See Trace, and cf.
Estreat.]
1. To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from
a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to
extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a
splinter from the finger.

The bee Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet.
--Milton.

2. To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other
mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence.
Cf. Abstract, v. t., 6.

Sunbeams may be extracted from cucumbers, but the
process is tedious.

3. To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as
a passage from a book.

I have extracted out of that pamphlet a few
notorious falsehoods. --Swift.

To extract the root (Math.), to ascertain the root of a
number or quantity.


Ex"tract`, n.
1. That which is extracted or drawn out.

2. A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a
citation; a quotation.

3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out
from any substance that which gives it its essential and
characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef;
extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted,
and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as,
quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.

4. (Med.) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a
solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant;
-- distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract, n., 4.

5. (Old Chem.) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed
to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called
also the extractive principle. [Obs.]

6. Extraction; descent. [Obs.] --South.

7. (Scots Law) A draught or copy of writing; certified copy
of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein,
with an order for execution. --Tomlins.

Fluid extract (Med.), a concentrated liquid preparation,
containing a definite proportion of the active principles
of a medicinal substance. At present a fluid gram of
extract should represent a gram of the crude drug.

Synonyms: distil, distill, draw out, draw out, educe, elicit, evoke, excerpt, excerpt, express, infusion, press out, pull, pull out, pull up, selection, take out, take out

See Also: acquire, analecta, analects, beef tea, black catechu, Bovril, calculate, catechu, choose, cipher, citation, clipping, compute, construe, create, cut, cutting, cypher, demodulate, figure, get, interpret, make, moonshine, newspaper clipping, obtain, pancreatin, passage, pick out, press clipping, press cutting, quotation, quote, ream, reckon, remove, see, select, separate, solution, squeeze out, take, take, take away, track, withdraw, work out, wring out

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