Definitions for: White


[n] (usually in the plural) trousers
[n] (chess or checkers) the lighter pieces
[n] the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black)
[n] a tributary of the Mississippi River
[n] a member of the Caucasoid race
[n] United States educator who in 1865 (with Ezra Cornell) founded Cornell University and served as its first president (1832-1918)
[n] United States writer noted for his humorous essays (1899-1985)
[n] United States architect (1853-1906)
[n] United States political journalist (1915-1986)
[n] Australian writer (1912-1990)
[adj] of or belonging to a racial group having light skin coloration; "voting patterns within the white population"
[adj] of summer nights in northern latitudes where the sun barely sets; "white nights"
[adj] being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light; "as white as fresh snow"; "a bride's white dress"
[adj] (of wine) almost colorless; "white wines such as chardonnays or rieslings"; "a white burgundy"; "white Italian wines"
[adj] ash-colored or anemic looking from illness or emotion; "a face turned ashen"; "the invalid's blanched cheeks"; "tried to speak with bloodless lips"; "a face livid with shock"; "lips...livid with the hue of death"- Mary W. Shelley; "lips white with terror"; "a face white with rage"
[adj] (of hair) having lost its color; "the white hairs of old age"
[adj] dressed (or especially habited) in white; "white nuns"
[adj] (of coffee) having cream or milk added
[adj] of a surface; not written or printed on; "blank pages"; "fill in the blank spaces"; "a clean page"; "wide white margins"
[adj] benevolent; without malicious intent; "white magic"; "a white lie"; "that's white of you"
[adj] glowing white with heat; "white flames"; "a white-hot center of the fire"
[adj] restricted to whites only; "under segregation there were even white restrooms and white drinking fountains"; "a lily-white movement which would expel Negroes from the organization"
[adj] marked by the presence of snow; "a white Christmas"; "the white hills of a northern winter"
[adj] free from moral blemish or impurity; unsullied; "in shining white armor"
[v] turn white; "This detergent will whiten your laundry"



Webster (1913) Definition: White, a. [Compar. Whiter; superl. Whitest.] [OE.
whit, AS. hw?t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw[=i]t, D. wit, G.
weiss, OHG. w[=i]z, hw[=i]z, Icel. hv[=i]tr, Sw. hvit, Dan.
hvid, Goth. hweits, Lith. szveisti, to make bright, Russ.
sviet' light, Skr. ?v?ta white, ?vit to be bright. ???. Cf.
Wheat, Whitsunday.]
1. Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum
combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or
their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; --
the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a
white skin. ``Pearls white.'' --Chaucer.

White as the whitest lily on a stream. --Longfellow.

2. Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of
blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.

Or whispering with white lips, ``The foe! They come!
they come!'' --Byron.

3. Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or
from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.

White as thy fame, and as thy honor clear. --Dryden.

No whiter page than Addison's remains. --Pope.

4. Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.

Your high engendered battles 'gainst a head So old
and white as this. --Shak.

5. Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the
like; fortunate; happy; favorable.

On the whole, however, the dominie reckoned this as
one of the white days of his life. --Sir W.
Scott.

6. Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.

Come forth, my white spouse. --Chaucer.

I am his white boy, and will not be gullet. --Ford.

Note: White is used in many self-explaining compounds, as
white-backed, white-bearded, white-footed.

White alder. (Bot.) See Sweet pepper bush, under
Pepper.

White ant (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of social
pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Termes. These
insects are very abundant in tropical countries, and form
large and complex communities consisting of numerous
asexual workers of one or more kinds, of large-headed
asexual individuals called soldiers, of one or more queens
(or fertile females) often having the body enormously
distended by the eggs, and, at certain seasons of numerous
winged males, together with the larv[ae] and pup[ae] of
each kind in various stages of development. Many of the
species construct large and complicated nests, sometimes
in the form of domelike structures rising several feet
above the ground and connected with extensive subterranean
galleries and chambers. In their social habits they
closely resemble the true ants. They feed upon animal and
vegetable substances of various kinds, including timber,
and are often very destructive to buildings and furniture.


White arsenic (Chem.), arsenious oxide, As2O3, a
substance of a white color, and vitreous adamantine
luster, having an astringent, sweetish taste. It is a
deadly poison.

White bass (Zo["o]l.), a fresh-water North American bass
(Roccus chrysops) found in the Great Likes.

White bear (Zo["o]l.), the polar bear. See under Polar.


White blood cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

White brand (Zo["o]l.), the snow goose.

White brass, a white alloy of copper; white copper.

White campion. (Bot.)
(a) A kind of catchfly (Silene stellata) with white
flowers.
(b) A white-flowered Lychnis (Lychnis vespertina).

White canon (R. C. Ch.), a Premonstratensian.

White caps, the members of a secret organization in various
of the United States, who attempt to drive away or reform
obnoxious persons by lynch-law methods. They appear masked
in white.

White cedar (Bot.), an evergreen tree of North America
(Thuja occidentalis), also the related {Cupressus
thyoides}, or Cham[ae]cyparis sph[ae]roidea, a slender
evergreen conifer which grows in the so-called cedar
swamps of the Northern and Atlantic States. Both are much
valued for their durable timber. In California the name is
given to the Libocedrus decurrens, the timber of which
is also useful, though often subject to dry rot.
--Goodale. The white cedar of Demerara, Guiana, etc., is a
lofty tree (Icica, or Bursera, altissima) whose fragrant
wood is used for canoes and cabinetwork, as it is not
attacked by insect.

White cell. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

White cell-blood (Med.), leucocyth[ae]mia.

White clover (Bot.), a species of small perennial clover
bearing white flowers. It furnishes excellent food for
cattle and horses, as well as for the honeybee. See also
under Clover.

White copper, a whitish alloy of copper. See {German
silver}, under German.

White copperas (Min.), a native hydrous sulphate of iron;
coquimbite.

White coral (Zo["o]l.), an ornamental branched coral
(Amphihelia oculata) native of the Mediterranean.

White corpuscle. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte.

White cricket (Zo["o]l.), the tree cricket.

White crop, a crop of grain which loses its green color, or
becomes white, in ripening, as wheat, rye, barley, and
oats, as distinguished from a green crop, or a root crop.


White currant (Bot.), a variety of the common red currant,
having white berries.

White daisy (Bot.), the oxeye daisy. See under Daisy.

White damp, a kind of poisonous gas encountered in coal
mines. --Raymond.

White elephant (Zo["o]l.), a whitish, or albino, variety of
the Asiatic elephant.



White elm (Bot.), a majestic tree of North America ({Ulmus
Americana}), the timber of which is much used for hubs of
wheels, and for other purposes.

White ensign. See Saint George's ensign, under Saint.


White feather, a mark or symbol of cowardice. See {To show
the white feather}, under Feather, n.

White fir (Bot.), a name given to several coniferous trees
of the Pacific States, as Abies grandis, and {A.
concolor}.

White flesher (Zo["o]l.), the ruffed grouse. See under
Ruffed. [Canada]

White frost. See Hoarfrost.

White game (Zo["o]l.), the white ptarmigan.

White garnet (Min.), leucite.

White grass (Bot.), an American grass (Leersia Virginica)
with greenish-white pale[ae].

White grouse. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The white ptarmigan.
(b) The prairie chicken. [Local, U. S.]

White grub (Zo["o]l.), the larva of the June bug and other
allied species. These grubs eat the roots of grasses and
other plants, and often do much damage.

White hake (Zo["o]l.), the squirrel hake. See under
Squirrel.

White hawk, or kite (Zo["o]l.), the hen harrier.

White heat, the temperature at which bodies become
incandescent, and appear white from the bright light which
they emit.

White hellebore (Bot.), a plant of the genus Veratrum
(V. album) See Hellebore, 2.

White herring, a fresh, or unsmoked, herring, as
distinguished from a red, or cured, herring. [R.] --Shak.

White hoolet (Zo["o]l.), the barn owl. [Prov. Eng.]

White horses (Naut.), white-topped waves; whitecaps.

The White House. See under House.

White ibis (Zo["o]l.), an American ibis (Guara alba)
having the plumage pure white, except the tips of the
wings, which are black. It inhabits tropical America and
the Southern United States. Called also Spanish curlew.


White iron.
(a) Thin sheets of iron coated with tin; tinned iron.
(b) A hard, silvery-white cast iron containing a large
proportion of combined carbon.

White iron pyrites (Min.), marcasite.

White land, a tough clayey soil, of a whitish hue when dry,
but blackish after rain. [Eng.]

White lark (Zo["o]l.), the snow bunting.

White lead.
(a) A carbonate of lead much used in painting, and for
other purposes; ceruse.
(b) (Min.) Native lead carbonate; cerusite.

White leather, buff leather; leather tanned with alum and
salt.

White leg (Med.), milk leg. See under Milk.

White lettuce (Bot.), rattlesnake root. See under
Rattlesnake.

White lie. See under Lie.

White light.
(a) (Physics) Light having the different colors in the
same proportion as in the light coming directly from
the sun, without having been decomposed, as by passing
through a prism. See the Note under Color, n., 1.
(b) A kind of firework which gives a brilliant white
illumination for signals, etc.

White lime, a solution or preparation of lime for
whitewashing; whitewash.

White line (Print.), a void space of the breadth of a line,
on a printed page; a blank line.

White meat.
(a) Any light-colored flesh, especially of poultry.
(b) Food made from milk or eggs, as butter, cheese, etc.

Driving their cattle continually with them, and
feeding only upon their milk and white meats.
--Spenser.

White merganser (Zo["o]l.), the smew.

White metal.
(a) Any one of several white alloys, as pewter, britannia,
etc.
(b) (Metal.) A fine grade of copper sulphide obtained at a
certain stage in copper smelting.

White miller. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The common clothes moth.
(b) A common American bombycid moth ({Spilosoma
Virginica}) which is pure white with a few small black
spots; -- called also ermine moth, and {virgin
moth}. See Woolly bear, under Woolly.

White money, silver money.

White mouse (Zo["o]l.), the albino variety of the common
mouse.

White mullet (Zo["o]l.), a silvery mullet (Mugil curema)
ranging from the coast of the United States to Brazil; --
called also blue-back mullet, and liza.

White nun (Zo["o]l.), the smew; -- so called from the white
crest and the band of black feathers on the back of its
head, which give the appearance of a hood.

White oak. (Bot.) See under Oak.

White owl. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The snowy owl.
(b) The barn owl.

White partridge (Zo["o]l.), the white ptarmigan.

White perch. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A North American fresh-water bass (Morone Americana)
valued as a food fish.
(b) The croaker, or fresh-water drum.
(c) Any California surf fish.

White pine. (Bot.) See the Note under Pine.

White poplar (Bot.), a European tree (Populus alba) often
cultivated as a shade tree in America; abele.

White poppy (Bot.), the opium-yielding poppy. See Poppy.


White powder, a kind of gunpowder formerly believed to
exist, and to have the power of exploding without noise.
[Obs.]

A pistol charged with white powder. --Beau. & Fl.

White precipitate. (Old Chem.) See under Precipitate.

White rabbit. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The American northern hare in its winter pelage.
(b) An albino rabbit.

White rent,
(a) (Eng. Law) Formerly, rent payable in silver; --
opposed to black rent. See Blackmail, n., 3.
(b) A rent, or duty, of eight pence, payable yearly by
every tinner in Devon and Cornwall to the Duke of
Cornwall, as lord of the soil. [Prov. Eng.]

White rhinoceros. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The one-horned, or Indian, rhinoceros ({Rhinoceros
Indicus}). See Rhinoceros.
(b) The umhofo.

White ribbon, the distinctive badge of certain
organizations for the promotion of temperance or of moral
purity; as, the White-ribbon Army.

White rope (Naut.), untarred hemp rope.

White rot. (Bot.)
(a) Either of several plants, as marsh pennywort and
butterwort, which were thought to produce the disease
called rot in sheep.
(b) A disease of grapes. See White rot, under Rot.

White sage (Bot.), a white, woolly undershrub ({Eurotia
lanata}) of Western North America; -- called also {winter
fat}.

White salmon (Zo["o]l.), the silver salmon.

White salt, salt dried and calcined; decrepitated salt.

White scale (Zo["o]l.), a scale insect (Aspidiotus Nerii)
injurious to the orange tree. See Orange scale, under
Orange.

White shark (Zo["o]l.), a species of man-eating shark. See
under Shark.

White softening. (Med.) See Softening of the brain, under
Softening.

White spruce. (Bot.) See Spruce, n., 1.

White squall (Naut.), a sudden gust of wind, or furious
blow, which comes up without being marked in its approach
otherwise than by whitecaps, or white, broken water, on
the surface of the sea.

White staff, the badge of the lord high treasurer of
England. --Macaulay.

White stork (Zo["o]l.), the common European stork.

White sturgeon. (Zo["o]l.) See Shovelnose
(d) .

White sucker. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The common sucker.
(b) The common red horse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum).

White swelling (Med.), a chronic swelling of the knee,
produced by a strumous inflammation of the synovial
membranes of the kneejoint and of the cancellar texture of
the end of the bone forming the kneejoint; -- applied also
to a lingering chronic swelling of almost any kind.

White tombac. See Tombac.

White trout (Zo["o]l.), the white weakfish, or silver
squeteague (Cynoscion nothus), of the Southern United
States.

White vitriol (Chem.), hydrous sulphate of zinc. See {White
vitriol}, under Vitriol.

White wagtail (Zo["o]l.), the common, or pied, wagtail.

White wax, beeswax rendered white by bleaching.

White whale (Zo["o]l.), the beluga.

White widgeon (Zo["o]l.), the smew.

White wine. any wine of a clear, transparent color,
bordering on white, as Madeira, sherry, Lisbon, etc.; --
distinguished from wines of a deep red color, as port and
Burgundy. ``White wine of Lepe.'' --Chaucer.

White witch, a witch or wizard whose supernatural powers
are supposed to be exercised for good and beneficent
purposes. --Addison. --Cotton Mather.

White wolf. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A light-colored wolf (Canis laniger) native of
Thibet; -- called also chanco, golden wolf, and
Thibetan wolf.
(b) The albino variety of the gray wolf.

White wren (Zo["o]l.), the willow warbler; -- so called
from the color of the under parts.


White, n.
1. The color of pure snow; one of the natural colors of
bodies, yet not strictly a color, but a composition of all
colors; the opposite of black; whiteness. See the Note
under Color, n., 1.

Finely attired in a of white. --Shak.

2. Something having the color of snow; something white, or
nearly so; as, the white of the eye.

3. Specifically, the central part of the butt in archery,
which was formerly painted white; the center of a mark at
which a missile is shot.

'T was I won the wager, though you hit the white.
--Shak.

4. A person with a white skin; a member of the white, or
Caucasian, races of men.

5. A white pigment; as, Venice white.

6. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies
belonging to Pieris, and allied genera in which the
color is usually white. See Cabbage butterfly, under
Cabbage.

Black and white. See under Black.

Flake white, Paris white, etc. See under Flack,
Paris, etc.

White of a seed (Bot.), the albumen. See Albumen, 2.

White of egg, the viscous pellucid fluid which surrounds
the yolk in an egg, particularly in the egg of a fowl. In
a hen's egg it is alkaline, and contains about 86 per cent
of water and 14 per cent of solid matter, the greater
portion of which is egg albumin. It likewise contains a
small amount of globulin, and traces of fats and sugar,
with some inorganic matter. Heated above 60[deg] C. it
coagulates to a solid mass, owing to the albumin which it
contains. --Parr.

White of the eye (Anat.), the white part of the ball of the
eye surrounding the transparent cornea.


White, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Whited; p. pr. & vb. n.
Whiting.] [AS. hw[=i]tan.]
To make white; to whiten; to whitewash; to bleach.

Whited sepulchers, which indeed appear beautiful
outward, but are within full of . . . uncleanness.
--Matt. xxiii.
27.

So as no fuller on earth can white them. --Mark. ix. 3.

Synonyms: achromatic, albescent, Andrew D. White, Andrew Dickson White, ashen, blanched, blank, bloodless, Caucasian, caucasian, caucasoid, clad, clean, clothed, colorless, colourless, covered, dilute, diluted, E. B. White, Elwyn Brooks White, empty, flannel, gabardine, good, hot, light, light-skinned, lily-white, livid, Patrick Victor Martindale White, Patrick White, pure, segregated, snowy, Stanford White, T. H. White, Theodore Harold White, tweed, unintegrated, white person, White River, white-hot, whiten, whitened, whiteness

Antonyms: black, black, black, black, blacken, blackness, melanise, melanize, nigrify, red

See Also: achromatic color, achromatic colour, alabaster, America, architect, Aryan, author, blanco, bleach, bleach, bone, Cassite, Caucasian race, Caucasoid race, chalk, Circassian, color, colour, designer, discolor, discolour, educator, Elamite, frostiness, hoariness, honkey, honkie, honky, human, individual, ivory, journalist, Kassite, light-colored, man, mortal, off-white, paleface, pants, pearl, pedagogue, person, piece, poor white, poor white trash, river, Semite, somebody, someone, soul, trousers, U.S., U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, WASP, white Anglo-Saxon Protestant, white man, White race, white trash, white woman, whitey, writer

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