Definitions for: Weather


[n] the meteorological conditions: temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation; "they were hoping for good weather"; "every day we have weather conditions and yesterday was no exception"
[v] change under the action or influence of the weather; "A weathered old hut"
[v] sail to the windward of
[v] cause to slope
[v] face or endure with courage; "She braved the elements"



Webster (1913) Definition: Weath"er, n. [OE. weder, AS. weder; akin to OS. wedar,
OFries. weder, D. weder, we[^e]r, G. wetter, OHG. wetar,
Icel. ve[eth]r, Dan. veir, Sw. v["a]der wind, air, weather,
and perhaps to OSlav. vedro fair weather; or perhaps to Lith.
vetra storm, Russ. vieter', vietr', wind, and E. wind. Cf.
Wither.]
1. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or
cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or
cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena;
meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm
weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.

Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather.
--Shak.

Fair weather cometh out of the north. --Job xxxvii.
22.

2. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation
of the state of the air. --Bacon.

3. Storm; tempest.

What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud My
thoughts presage! --Dryden.

4. A light rain; a shower. [Obs.] --Wyclif.

Stress of weather, violent winds; force of tempests.

To make fair weather, to flatter; to give flattering
representations. [R.]

To make good, or bad, weather (Naut.), to endure a gale
well or ill; -- said of a vessel. --Shak.

Under the weather, ill; also, financially embarrassed.
[Colloq. U. S.] --Bartlett.

Weather box. Same as Weather house, below. --Thackeray.

Weather breeder, a fine day which is supposed to presage
foul weather.

Weather bureau, a popular name for the signal service. See
Signal service, under Signal, a. [U. S.]

Weather cloth (Naut.), a long piece of canvas of tarpaulin
used to preserve the hammocks from injury by the weather
when stowed in the nettings.

Weather door. (Mining) See Trapdoor, 2.

Weather gall. Same as Water gall, 2. [Prov. Eng.]
--Halliwell.

Weather house, a mechanical contrivance in the form of a
house, which indicates changes in atmospheric conditions
by the appearance or retirement of toy images.

Peace to the artist whose ingenious thought Devised
the weather house, that useful toy! --Cowper.

Weather molding, or

Weather moulding (Arch.), a canopy or cornice over a door
or a window, to throw off the rain.

Weather of a windmill sail, the obliquity of the sail, or
the angle which it makes with its plane of revolution.

Weather report, a daily report of meteorological
observations, and of probable changes in the weather;
esp., one published by government authority.

Weather spy, a stargazer; one who foretells the weather.
[R.] --Donne.

Weather strip (Arch.), a strip of wood, rubber, or other
material, applied to an outer door or window so as to
cover the joint made by it with the sill, casings, or
threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air, etc.


Weath"er, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Weathered; p. pr. &
vb. n. Weathering.]
1. To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to
air.

[An eagle] soaring through his wide empire of the
air To weather his broad sails. --Spenser.

This gear lacks weathering. --Latimer.

2. Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against
and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist; as, to
weather the storm.

For I can weather the roughest gale. --Longfellow.

You will weather the difficulties yet. --F. W.
Robertson.

3. (Naut.) To sail or pass to the windward of; as, to weather
a cape; to weather another ship.

4. (Falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
--Encyc. Brit.

To weather a point.
(a) (Naut.) To pass a point of land, leaving it on the lee
side.
(b) Hence, to gain or accomplish anything against
opposition.

To weather out, to encounter successfully, though with
difficulty; as, to weather out a storm.


Weath"er, v. i.
To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer
meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter,
under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.

The organisms . . . seem indestructible, while the hard
matrix in which they are imbedded has weathered from
around them. --H. Miller.


Weath"er, a. (Naut.)
Being toward the wind, or windward -- opposed to lee; as,
weather bow, weather braces, weather gauge, weather lifts,
weather quarter, weather shrouds, etc.

Weather gauge.
(a) (Naut.) The position of a ship to the windward of
another.
(b) Fig.: A position of advantage or superiority; advantage
in position.

To veer, and tack, and steer a cause Against the
weather gauge of laws. --Hudibras.

Weather helm (Naut.), a tendency on the part of a sailing
vessel to come up into the wind, rendering it necessary to
put the helm up, that is, toward the weather side.

Weather shore (Naut.), the shore to the windward of a ship.
--Totten.

Weather tide (Naut.), the tide which sets against the lee
side of a ship, impelling her to the windward. --Mar.
Dict.

Synonyms: atmospheric condition, brave, brave out, endure, weather condition

See Also: angle, atmosphere, atmospheric phenomenon, atmospheric state, bad weather, cold snap, cold spell, cold wave, cold weather, crumble, decay, defy, delapidate, downfall, elements, fair weather, good weather, heat wave, hold, hold up, hot spell, hot weather, inclemency, inclementness, lean, precipitation, sail, slant, sunshine, temperateness, thaw, thawing, tilt, tip, warming, wind, withstand

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