Definitions for: Surge


[n] a sudden or abrupt strong increase; "stimulated a surge of speculation"; "an upsurge of emotion"; "an upsurge in violent crime"
[n] a large sea wave
[n] a sudden forceful flow
[v] rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force, as on a wave
[v] rise in waves
[v] rise rapidly, as of a current or voltage
[v] rise and move, as in waves or billows; "The army surged forward"



Webster (1913) Definition: Surge, n. [L. surgere, surrectum, to raise, to rise; sub
under + regere to direct: cf. OF. surgeon, sourgeon,
fountain. See Regent, and cf. Insurrection, Sortie,
Source.]
1. A spring; a fountain. [Obs.] ``Divers surges and springs
of water.'' --Ld. Berners.

2. A large wave or billow; a great, rolling swell of water,
produced generally by a high wind.

He that doubteth is like the surge of the sea driven
by the wind and tossed. --James i. 6
(Rev. Ver.)

He flies aloft, and, with impetuous roar, Pursues
the foaming surges to the shore. --Dryden.

3. The motion of, or produced by, a great wave.

4. The tapered part of a windlass barrel or a capstan, upon
which the cable surges, or slips.


Surge, v. i.
1. To swell; to rise hifg and roll.

The surging waters like a mountain rise. --Spenser.

2. (Naut.) To slip along a windlass.


Surge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Surged; p. pr. & vb. n.
Surging.] [Cf. F. surgir to cast anchor, to land. Cf.
Surge, n.] (Naut.)
To let go or slacken suddenly, as a rope; as, to surge a
hawser or messenger; also, to slacken the rope about (a
capstan).

Synonyms: billow, heave, rush, scend, soar, soar up, soar upwards, spate, tide, upsurge, upsurge, zoom

Antonyms: ebb, ebb away, ebb down, ebb off, ebb out

See Also: arise, billow, blow up, come up, course, flow, flow, flowing, go up, increase, inflate, lift, move up, moving ridge, onrush, rise, run, step-up, uprise, wallow, wave

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