Definitions for: Stock

[n] not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit
[n] an ornamental white cravat
[n] the merchandise that a shop has on hand; "they carried a vast inventory of hardware"
[n] the handle end of some implements or tools; "he grabbed the cue by the stock"
[n] the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; "the rifle had been fitted with a special stock"
[n] lumber used in the construction of something; "they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter"
[n] liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces; "she made gravy with a base of beef stock"
[n] a special kind of domesticated animals within a species; "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he created a new variety of sheep"
[n] the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has been warriors"
[n] any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia
[n] any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers
[n] a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants
[n] persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
[n] the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to partial ownership; "he owns a controlling share of the company's stock"
[n] a supply of something available for future use; "he brought back a large store of Cuban cigars"
[n] a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation; "the value of his stocks doubled during the past year"
[n] the reputation and popularity a person has; "his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor"
[adj] regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a stock item"
[adj] routine; "a stock answer"
[v] have on hand; "Do you carry kerosene heaters?"
[v] provide or furnish with a stock of something; "stock the larder with meat"
[v] stock up on to keep for future use or sale; "let's stock coffee as long as prices are low"

Webster (1913) Definition: Stock, n.
1. Raw material; that out of which something is manufactured;
as, paper stock.

2. (Soap Making) A plain soap which is made into toilet soap
by adding perfumery, coloring matter, etc.

Stock (st[o^]k), n. [AS. stocc a stock, trunk, stick;
akin to D. stok, G. stock, OHG. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Sw.
stock, Dan. stok, and AS. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to
urge, thrust. Cf. Stokker, Stucco, and Tuck a rapier.]
1. The stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed,
strong, firm part; the trunk.

Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, and
the stock thereof die in the ground, yet through the
scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs
like a plant. --Job xiv.

2. The stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.

The scion overruleth the stock quite. --Bacon.

3. A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a
firm support; a post.

All our fathers worshiped stocks and stones.

Item, for a stock of brass for the holy water, seven
shillings; which, by the canon, must be of marble or
metal, and in no case of brick. --Fuller.

4. Hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or
post; one who has little sense.

Let's be no stoics, nor no stocks. --Shak.

5. The principal supporting part; the part in which others
are inserted, or to which they are attached. Specifically:

(a) The wood to which the barrel, lock, etc., of a musket
or like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular
piece of wood, which is an important part of several
forms of gun carriage.
(b) The handle or contrivance by which bits are held in
boring; a bitstock; a brace.
(c) (Joinery) The block of wood or metal frame which
constitutes the body of a plane, and in which the
plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.
(d) (Naut.) The wooden or iron crosspiece to which the
shank of an anchor is attached. See Illust. of
(e) The support of the block in which an anvil is fixed,
or of the anvil itself.
(f) A handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for
cutting screws; a diestock.
(g) The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer,
which was delivered to the person who had lent the
king money on account, as the evidence of
indebtedness. See Counterfoil. [Eng.]

6. The original progenitor; also, the race or line of a
family; the progenitor of a family and his direct
descendants; lineage; family.

And stand betwixt them made, when, severally, All
told their stock. --Chapman.

Thy mother was no goddess, nor thy stock From
Dardanus. --Denham.

7. Money or capital which an individual or a firm employs in
business; fund; in the United States, the capital of a
bank or other company, in the form of transferable shares,
each of a certain amount; money funded in government
securities, called also the public funds; in the plural,
property consisting of shares in joint-stock companies, or
in the obligations of a government for its funded debt; --
so in the United States, but in England the latter only
are called stocks, and the former shares.

8. (Bookkeeping) Same as Stock account, below.

9. Supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a
merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods; as, to lay in
a stock of provisions.

Add to that stock which justly we bestow. --Dryden.

10. (Agric.) Domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or
raised on a farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep,
etc.; -- called also live stock.

11. (Card Playing) That portion of a pack of cards not
distributed to the players at the beginning of certain
games, as gleek, etc., but which might be drawn from
afterward as occasion required; a bank.

I must buy the stock; send me good cardings.
--Beau. & Fl.

12. A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado. [Obs.]

13. [Cf. Stocking.] A covering for the leg, or leg and
foot; as, upper stocks (breeches); nether stocks
(stockings). [Obs.]

With a linen stock on one leg. --Shak.

14. A kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck; as, a
silk stock.

15. pl. A frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or
the feet and hands, of criminals were formerly confined
by way of punishment.

He shall rest in my stocks. --Piers

16. pl. (Shipbuilding) The frame or timbers on which a ship
rests while building.

17. pl. Red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls
and the front of buildings. [Eng.]

18. (Bot.) Any cruciferous plant of the genus Matthiola;
as, common stock (Matthiola incana) (see
Gilly-flower); ten-weeks stock (M. annua).

19. (Geol.) An irregular metalliferous mass filling a large
cavity in a rock formation, as a stock of lead ore
deposited in limestone.

20. A race or variety in a species.

21. (Biol.) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons
(see Person), as trees, chains of salp[ae], etc.

22. The beater of a fulling mill. --Knight.

23. (Cookery) A liquid or jelly containing the juices and
soluble parts of meat, and certain vegetables, etc.,
extracted by cooking; -- used in making soup, gravy, etc.

Bit stock. See Bitstock.

Dead stock (Agric.), the implements of husbandry, and
produce stored up for use; -- in distinction from live
stock, or the domestic animals on the farm. See def. 10,

Head stock. See Headstock.

Paper stock, rags and other material of which paper is

Stock account (Bookkeeping), an account on a merchant's
ledger, one side of which shows the original capital, or
stock, and the additions thereto by accumulation or
contribution, the other side showing the amounts

Stock car, a railway car for carrying cattle.

Stock company (Com.), an incorporated company the capital
of which is represented by marketable shares having a
certain equal par value.

Stock duck (Zo["o]l.), the mallard.

Stock exchange.
(a) The building or place where stocks are bought and
sold; stock market; hence, transactions of all kinds
in stocks.
(b) An association or body of stockbrokers who meet and
transact business by certain recognized forms,
regulations, and usages. --Wharton. Brande & C.

Stock farmer, a farmer who makes it his business to rear
live stock.

Stock gillyflower (Bot.), the common stock. See Stock,
n., 18.

Stock gold, gold laid up so as to form a stock, or hoard.

Stock in trade, the goods kept for sale by a shopkeeper;
the fittings and appliances of a workman. --Simmonds.

Stock list, a list of stocks, or shares, dealt in, of
transactions, and of prices.

Stock lock, a lock inclosed in a wooden case and attached
to the face of a door.

Stock market.
(a) A place where stocks are bought and sold; the stock
(b) A market for live stock.

Stock pigeon. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Stockdove.

Stock purse.
(a) A common purse, as distinguished from a private
(b) (Mil.) Moneys saved out of the expenses of a company
or regiment, and applied to objects of common
interest. [Eng.]

Stock shave, a tool used by blockmakers.

Stock station, a place or district for rearing stock.
[Australia] --W. Howitt.

Stock tackle (Naut.), a tackle used when the anchor is
hoisted and secured, to keep its stock clear of the ship's
sides. --Totten.

Stock taking, an examination and inventory made of goods or
stock in a shop or warehouse; -- usually made

Tail stock. See Tailstock.

To have something on the stock, to be at work at something.

To take stock, to take account of stock; to make an
inventory of stock or goods on hand. --Dickens.

To take stock in.
(a) To subscribe for, or purchase, shares in a stock
(b) To put faith in; to accept as trustworthy; as, to
take stock in a person's fidelity. [Slang]

To take stock of, to take account of the stock of; to take
an inventory of; hence, to ascertain the facts in regard
to (something). [Eng.]

At the outset of any inquiry it is proper to take
stock of the results obtained by previous explorers
of the same field. --Leslie

Syn: Fund; capital; store; supply; accumulation; hoard;

Stock (st[o^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stocked
(st[o^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. Stocking.]
1. To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as
merchandise, and the like.

2. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to
supply; as, to stock a warehouse, that is, to fill it with
goods; to stock a farm, that is, to supply it with cattle
and tools; to stock land, that is, to occupy it with a
permanent growth, especially of grass.

3. To suffer to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more
previous to sale, as cows.

4. To put in the stocks. [R.] --Shak.

To stock an anchor (Naut.), to fit it with a stock, or to
fasten the stock firmly in place.

To stock cards (Card Playing), to arrange cards in a
certain manner for cheating purposes. [Cant]

To stock down (Agric.), to sow, as plowed land, with grass
seed, in order that it may become swarded, and produce

To stock up, to extirpate; to dig up.

Stock, a.
Used or employed for constant service or application, as if
constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard;
permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock
sermon. ``A stock charge against Raleigh.'' --C. Kingsley.

Stock company (Theater), a company of actors regularly
employed at one theater, or permanently acting together in
various plays under one management.

Synonyms: ancestry, blood, blood line, bloodline, breed, broth, buy in, carry, caudex, descent, farm animal, fund, gillyflower, gunstock, inventory, line, line of descent, lineage, livestock, Malcolm stock, neckcloth, origin, parentage, regular, standard, stock certificate, stockpile, store, strain, variety

See Also: accumulation, animal group, artillery, authorized shares, authorized stock, base, beef broth, beef stock, bitstock, bloodstock, brace, brompton stock, butt, butt end, cache, capital, capital stock, certificate, chicken broth, chicken stock, common shares, common stock, common stock equivalent, control stock, cravat, cue, cue stick, eutherian, eutherian mammal, family, family line, family tree, fishing pole, fishing rod, float, flower, folk, furnish, genealogy, genus Malcolmia, genus Matthiola, grip, growth stock, gun, handgrip, handgun, handle, have, have got, heavy weapon, hoard, hold, hold, hot issue, hot stock, infrastructure, kinfolk, kinsfolk, liquor, lumber, machine gun, Malcolmia, Matthiola, Matthiola incana, merchandise, no-par stock, no-par-value stock, ordinary shares, ordnance, overstock, over-the-counter stock, pedigree, phratry, pistol, pistol grip, placental, placental mammal, plant, plant part, pool cue, pool stick, pot liquor, preference shares, preferred shares, preferred stock, product, provide, provisions, quarter stock, reacquired stock, render, reputation, repute, restock, rootstock, security, seed stock, sept, share, shooting iron, side, side arm, soup, species, stalk, stash, stem, stock cube, stores, supplies, supply, support, timber, treasury shares, treasury stock, understock, voting stock, wares, watered stock, whip, working capital

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