Definitions for: Steel


[n] knife sharpener consisting of a ridged steel rod
[n] a cutting or thrusting weapon with a long blade
[n] an alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction; mechanical properties can be varied over a wide range
[v] get ready for something difficult or unpleasant



Webster (1913) Definition: Steel, n. [AS. st[=e]l, st[=y]l, st[=y]le; akin to D.
staal, G. stahl, OHG. stahal, Icel. st[=a]l, Dan. staal, Sw.
st[*a]l, Old Prussian stakla.]
1. (Metal) A variety of iron intermediate in composition and
properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing
between one half of one per cent and one and a half per
cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with
an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be
tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability
decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in
carbon.

2. An instrument or implement made of steel; as:
(a) A weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc. ``Brave Macbeth . .
. with his brandished steel.'' --Shak.

While doubting thus he stood, Received the steel
bathed in his brother's blood. --Dryden.
(b) An instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for
sharpening knives.
(c) A piece of steel for striking sparks from flint.

3. Fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is
characterized by sternness or rigor. ``Heads of steel.''
--Johnson. ``Manhood's heart of steel.'' --Byron.

4. (Med.) A chalybeate medicine. --Dunglison.

Note: Steel is often used in the formation of compounds,
generally of obvious meaning; as, steel-clad,
steel-girt, steel-hearted, steel-plated, steel-pointed,
etc.

Bessemer steel (Metal.) See in the Vocabulary.

Blister steel. (Metal.) See under Blister.

Cast steel (Metal.), a fine variety of steel, originally
made by smelting blister or cementation steel; hence,
ordinarily, steel of any process of production when
remelted and cast.

Cromium steel (Metal.), a hard, tenacious variety
containing a little cromium, and somewhat resembling
tungsten steel.

Mild steel (Metal.), a kind of steel having a lower
proportion of carbon than ordinary steel, rendering it
softer and more malleable.

Puddled steel (Metal.), a variety of steel produced from
cast iron by the puddling process.

Steel duck (Zo["o]l.), the goosander, or merganser. [Prov.
Eng.]

Steel mill.
(a) (Firearms) See Wheel lock, under Wheel.
(b) A mill which has steel grinding surfaces.
(c) A mill where steel is manufactured.

Steel trap, a trap for catching wild animals. It consists
of two iron jaws, which close by means of a powerful steel
spring when the animal disturbs the catch, or tongue, by
which they are kept open.

Steel wine, wine, usually sherry, in which steel filings
have been placed for a considerable time, -- used as a
medicine.

Tincture of steel (Med.), an alcoholic solution of the
chloride of iron.

Tungsten steel (Metal.), a variety of steel containing a
small amount of tungsten, and noted for its tenacity and
hardness, as well as for its malleability and tempering
qualities. It is also noted for its magnetic properties.


Steel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Steeled; p. pr. & vb. n.
Steeling.] [AS. stlan: cf. Icel. st[ae]la. See Steel, n.]
1. To overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a
razor; to steel an ax.

2. To make hard or strong; hence, to make insensible or
obdurate.

Lies well steeled with weighty arguments. --Shak.

O God of battles! steel my soldier's hearts. --Shak.

Why will you fight against so sweet a passion, And
steel your heart to such a world of charms?
--Addison.

3. Fig.: To cause to resemble steel, as in smoothness,
polish, or other qualities.

These waters, steeled By breezeless air to smoothest
polish. --Wordsworth.

4. (Elec.) To cover, as an electrotype plate, with a thin
layer of iron by electrolysis. The iron thus deposited is
very hard, like steel.

Synonyms: blade, brand, nerve, sword

See Also: alloy, alloy steel, arm, atomic number 26, austenitic steel, backsword, brace, broadsword, carbon steel, case-hardened steel, cavalry sword, chisel steel, crucible steel, cutlas, cutlass, Damascus steel, Damask steel, Excalibur, falchion, Fe, fencing sword, foible, forte, haft, hard steel, helve, hilt, iron, low-carbon steel, medium steel, metal, mild steel, peak, pearlite, point, poise, quenched steel, rapier, saber, sabre, sharpener, soft-cast steel, structural steel, tip, weapon, weapon system

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