Definitions for: Sin

[n] an act that is regarded by theologians as a transgression of God's will
[n] (colloquial) violent and excited activity; "they began to fight like sin"
[n] estrangement from god
[n] the 21st letter of the Hebrew alphabet
[n] (Akkadian) god of the moon; counterpart of Sumerian Nanna
[n] ratio of the opposite side to the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle
[v] commit a sin; violate a law of God or a moral law
[v] commit a faux pas or fault

Webster (1913) Definition: Sin, adv., prep., & conj.
Old form of Since. [Obs. or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

Sin that his lord was twenty year of age. --Chaucer.

Sin, n. [OE. sinne, AS. synn, syn; akin to D. zonde, OS.
sundia, OHG. sunta, G. s["u]nde, Icel., Dan. & Sw. synd, L.
sons, sontis, guilty, perhaps originally from the p. pr. of
the verb signifying, to be, and meaning, the one who it is.
Cf. Authentic, Sooth.]
1. Transgression of the law of God; disobedience of the
divine command; any violation of God's will, either in
purpose or conduct; moral deficiency in the character;
iniquity; as, sins of omission and sins of commission.

Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
--John viii.

Sin is the transgression of the law. --1 John iii.

I think 't no sin. To cozen him that would unjustly
win. --Shak.

Enthralled By sin to foul, exorbitant desires.

2. An offense, in general; a violation of propriety; a
misdemeanor; as, a sin against good manners.

I grant that poetry's a crying sin. --Pope.

3. A sin offering; a sacrifice for sin.

He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin.
--2 Cor. v.

4. An embodiment of sin; a very wicked person. [R.]

Thy ambition, Thou scarlet sin, robbed this
bewailing land Of noble Buckingham. --Shak.

Note: Sin is used in the formation of some compound words of
obvious signification; as, sin-born; sin-bred,
sin-oppressed, sin-polluted, and the like.

Actual sin,

Canonical sins,

Original sin,

Venial sin. See under Actual, Canonical, etc.

Deadly, or


sins (R. C. Ch.), willful and deliberate transgressions,
which take away divine grace; -- in distinction from
vental sins. The seven deadly sins are pride,
covetousness, lust, wrath, gluttony, envy, and sloth.

Sin eater, a man who (according to a former practice in
England) for a small gratuity ate a piece of bread laid on
the chest of a dead person, whereby he was supposed to
have taken the sins of the dead person upon himself.

Sin offering, a sacrifice for sin; something offered as an
expiation for sin.

Syn: Iniquity; wickedness; wrong. See Crime.

Sin, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Sinned; p. pr. & vb. n.
Sinning.] [OE. sinnen, singen, sinegen, AS. syngian. See
Sin, n.]
1. To depart voluntarily from the path of duty prescribed by
God to man; to violate the divine law in any particular,
by actual transgression or by the neglect or nonobservance
of its injunctions; to violate any known rule of duty; --
often followed by against.

Against thee, thee only, have I sinned. --Ps. li. 4.

All have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
--Rom. iii.

2. To violate human rights, law, or propriety; to commit an
offense; to trespass; to transgress.

I am a man More sinned against than sinning. --Shak.

Who but wishes to invert the laws Of order, sins
against the eternal cause. --Pope.

Synonyms: blunder, boob, goof, hell, sine, sinfulness, sinning, transgress, trespass, wickedness

See Also: activity, actual sin, alphabetic character, Aramaic alphabet, breach, break, circular function, deadly sin, evildoing, fall, fall, go against, Hebraic alphabet, Hebrew alphabet, infract, letter, letter of the alphabet, mark of Cain, mortal sin, offend, original sin, Semitic deity, transgression, trigonometric function, unrighteousness, venial sin, violate

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