Definitions for: Shock


[n] a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body; "subjects received a small electric shock when they mae the wrong response"; "electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks"
[n] the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat; "the armies met in the shock of battle"
[n] a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses; "the old car needed a new set of shocks"
[n] an unpleasant or disappointing surprise; "it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"
[n] an instance of agitation of the earth's crust; "the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"
[n] the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally; "his mother's deathleft him in a daze"; "he was numb with shock"
[n] a bushy thick mass (especially hair); "he had an unruly shock of black hair"
[n] a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field; "corn is bound in small sheeves and several sheeves are set up together in shocks"; "whole fields of wheat in shock"
[n] (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor; "loss of blood is an important cause of shock"
[v] inflict a trauma upon
[v] subject to electrical shocks
[v] collect or gather into shocks; "shock grain"
[v] collide violently
[v] strike with horror or terror; "The news of the bombing shocked her"
[v] surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off
[v] strike with disgust or revulsion; "The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends"



Webster (1913) Definition: Shock, v. t. (Physiol.)
To subject to the action of an electrical discharge so as to
cause a more or less violent depression or commotion of the
nervous system.


Shock, n. [OE. schokke; cf. OD schocke, G. schock a
heap, quantity, threescore, MHG. schoc, Sw. skok, and also G.
hocke a heap of hay, Lith. kugis.]
1. A pile or assemblage of sheaves of grain, as wheat, rye,
or the like, set up in a field, the sheaves varying in
number from twelve to sixteen; a stook.

And cause it on shocks to be by and by set.
--Tusser.

Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks.
--Thomson.

2. [G. schock.] (Com.) A lot consisting of sixty pieces; -- a
term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.


Shock, v. t.
To collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook; as,
to shock rye.


Shock, v. i.
To be occupied with making shocks.

Reap well, scatter not, gather clean that is shorn,
Bind fast, shock apace. --Tusser.


Shock, n. [Cf. D. schok a bounce, jolt, or leap, OHG.
scoc a swing, MHG. schoc, Icel. skykkjun tremuously, F. choc
a shock, collision, a dashing or striking against, Sp.
choque, It. ciocco a log. [root]161. Cf. Shock to shake.]
1. A quivering or shaking which is the effect of a blow,
collision, or violent impulse; a blow, impact, or
collision; a concussion; a sudden violent impulse or
onset.

These strong, unshaken mounds resist the shocks Of
tides and seas tempestuous. --Blackmore.

He stood the shock of a whole host of foes.
--Addison.

2. A sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a sensation of
pleasure or pain caused by something unexpected or
overpowering; also, a sudden agitating or overpowering
event. ``A shock of pleasure.'' --Talfourd.

3. (Med.) A sudden depression of the vital forces of the
entire body, or of a port of it, marking some profound
impression produced upon the nervous system, as by severe
injury, overpowering emotion, or the like.

4. (Elec.) The sudden convulsion or contraction of the
muscles, with the feeling of a concussion, caused by the
discharge, through the animal system, of electricity from
a charged body.

Syn: Concussion, Shock.

Usage: Both words signify a sudden violent shaking caused by
impact or colision; but concussion is restricted in
use to matter, while shock is used also of mental
states.


Shock, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shocked; p. pr. & vb. n.
Shocking.] [OE. schokken; cf. D. schokken, F. choquer, Sp.
chocar. [root]161. Cf. Chuck to strike, Jog, Shake,
Shock a striking, Shog, n. & v.]
1. To give a shock to; to cause to shake or waver; hence, to
strike against suddenly; to encounter with violence.

Come the three corners of the world in arms, And we
shall shock them. --Shak.

I shall never forget the force with which he shocked
De Vipont. --Sir W.
Scott.

2. To strike with surprise, terror, horror, or disgust; to
cause to recoil; as, his violence shocked his associates.

Advise him not to shock a father's will. --Dryden.


Shock, v. i.
To meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter. ``They
saw the moment approach when the two parties would shock
together.'' --De Quincey.


Shock, n. [Cf. Shag.]
1. (Zo["o]l.) A dog with long hair or shag; -- called also
shockdog.

2. A thick mass of bushy hair; as, a head covered with a
shock of sandy hair.


Shock, a.
Bushy; shaggy; as, a shock hair.

His red shock peruke . . . was laid aside. --Sir W.
Scott.

Synonyms: ball over, blow, blow out of the water, cushion, daze, electric shock, electrical shock, floor, impact, offend, outrage, scandalise, scandalize, seismic disturbance, shock absorber, stun, stupor, take aback, traumatise, traumatize

See Also: air cushion, air spring, alarm, appal, appall, blip, cardiogenic shock, care for, churn up, clash, collapse, collect, collide, combat, cumulus, damper, disgust, dismay, distributive shock, earthquake, fight, fighting, galvanise, galvanise, galvanize, galvanize, garner, gather, heap, horrify, hypovolemic shock, inborn reflex, injure, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, insulin reaction, insulin shock, mass, mound, muffler, nauseate, obstructive shock, physiological reaction, pile, pull together, quake, reflex, revolt, seism, sicken, startle, stupefaction, surprise, surprise, suspension, suspension system, temblor, treat, unconditioned reflex, wound

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