Definitions for: Radical


[n] (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem"
[n] a sign placed in front of an expression to denote that a root is to be extracted
[n] a character conveying the lexical meaning of a logogram
[n] a person who has radical ideas or opinions
[n] (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule
[n] an atom or group of atoms with at least one unpaired electron; in the body it is usually an oxygen molecule than has lost an electron and will stabilize itself by stealing an electron from a nearby molecule; "in the body free radicals are high-energy particles that ricochet wildly and damage cells"
[adj] (botany) especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem; "basal placentation"; "radical leaves"
[adj] (used of opinions and actions) far beyond the norm; "extremist political views"; "radical opinions on education"; "an ultra conservative"
[adj] markedly new or introducing radical change; "a revolutionary discovery"; "radical political views"
[adj] arising from or going to the root; "a radical flaw in the plan"
[adj] (linguistics) of or relating to or constituting a linguistic root; "a radical verb form"



Webster (1913) Definition: Rad"i*cal, a. [F., fr. L. radicalis having roots, fr.
radix, -icis, a root. See Radix.]
1. Of or pertaining to the root; proceeding directly from the
root.

2. Hence: Of or pertaining to the root or origin; reaching to
the center, to the foundation to the ultimate sources to
the principles, or the like: original; fundamental;
thorough-going; unsparing; extreme; as, radical evils;
radical reform; a radical party.

The most determined exertions of that authority,
against them, only showed their radical
independence. --Burke.

3. (Bot.)
(a) Belonging to, or proceeding from, the root of a plant;
as, radical tubers or hairs.
(b) Proceeding from a rootlike stem, or one which does not
rise above the ground; as, the radical leaves of the
dandelion and the sidesaddle flower.

4. (Philol.) Relating, or belonging, to the root, or ultimate
source of derivation; as, a radical verbal form.

5. (Math.) Of or pertaining to a radix or root; as, a radical
quantity; a radical sign. See below.

Radical axis of two circles. (Geom.) See under Axis.

Radical pitch, the pitch or tone with which the utterance
of a syllable begins. --Rush.

Radical quantity (Alg.), a quantity to which the radical
sign is prefixed; specifically, a quantity which is not a
perfect power of the degree indicated by the radical sign;
a surd.

Radical sign (Math.), the sign [root] (originally the
letter r, the initial of radix, root), placed before any
quantity, denoting that its root is to be extracted; thus,
[root]a, or [root](a + b). To indicate any other than the
square root, a corresponding figure is placed over the
sign; thus [cuberoot]a, indicates the third or cube root
of a.

Radical stress (Elocution), force of utterance falling on
the initial part of a syllable or sound.

Radical vessels (Anat.), minute vessels which originate in
the substance of the tissues.

Syn: Primitive; original; natural; underived; fundamental;
entire.

Usage: Radical, Entire. These words are frequently
employed as interchangeable in describing some marked
alternation in the condition of things. There is,
however, an obvious difference between them. A radical
cure, reform, etc., is one which goes to the root of
the thing in question; and it is entire, in the sense
that, by affecting the root, it affects in a
appropriate degree the entire body nourished by the
root; but it may not be entire in the sense of making
a change complete in its nature, as well as in its
extent. Hence, we speak of a radical change; a radical
improvement; radical differences of opinion; while an
entire change, an entire improvement, an entire
difference of opinion, might indicate more than was
actually intended. A certain change may be both
radical and entire, in every sense.


Rad"i*cal, n.
1. (Philol.)
(a) A primitive word; a radix, root, or simple, underived,
uncompounded word; an etymon.
(b) A primitive letter; a letter that belongs to the
radix.

The words we at present make use of, and
understand only by common agreement, assume a
new air and life in the understanding, when you
trace them to their radicals, where you find
every word strongly stamped with nature; full of
energy, meaning, character, painting, and
poetry. --Cleland.

2. (Politics) One who advocates radical changes in government
or social institutions, especially such changes as are
intended to level class inequalities; -- opposed to
conservative.

In politics they [the Independents] were, to use
phrase of their own time. ``Root-and-Branch men,''
or, to use the kindred phrase of our own, Radicals.
--Macaulay.

3. (Chem.)
(a) A characteristic, essential, and fundamental
constituent of any compound; hence, sometimes, an
atom.

As a general rule, the metallic atoms are basic
radicals, while the nonmetallic atoms are acid
radicals. --J. P. Cooke.
(b) Specifically, a group of two or more atoms, not
completely saturated, which are so linked that their
union implies certain properties, and are conveniently
regarded as playing the part of a single atom; a
residue; -- called also a compound radical. Cf.
Residue.

4. (Alg.) A radical quantity. See under Radical, a.

An indicated root of a perfect power of the degree
indicated is not a radical but a rational quantity
under a radical form. --Davies &
Peck (Math.
Dict.)

5. (Anat.) A radical vessel. See under Radical, a.

Synonyms: basal, base, basic, chemical group, extremist, free radical, group, immoderate, new, radical sign, revolutionary, root, root, root word, stem, theme, ultra

Antonyms: cauline

See Also: acyl, acyl group, alcohol group, alcohol radical, aldehyde group, aldehyde radical, alkyl, alkyl group, alkyl radical, allyl, allyl group, allyl radical, amino, amino group, anarchist, arsenic group, atom, azido group, azido radical, azo group, azo radical, benzoyl group, benzoyl radical, benzyl, benzyl group, benzyl radical, Bolshevik, bolshie, building block, cacodyl, cacodyl group, cacodyl radical, carbonyl group, carboxyl, carboxyl group, character, chromophore, controversialist, cyanide group, cyanide radical, cyano group, cyano radical, disputant, extremist, form, glyceryl, grapheme, graphic symbol, hydrazo group, hydrazo radical, hydroxyl, hydroxyl group, hydroxyl radical, ideogram, ideograph, ketone group, leveler, leveller, Marxist, mathematical notation, methylene, methylene group, methylene radical, molecule, nihilist, nitrite, nitro group, pinko, propyl, propyl group, propyl radical, red, revolutionary, revolutionist, signifier, subversive, subverter, syndicalist, terrorist, Trot, Trotskyist, Trotskyite, unit, uranyl, uranyl group, uranyl radical, vinyl, vinyl group, vinyl radical, word form, Young Turk

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