Definitions for: Philology


[n] the humanistic study of language and literature



Webster (1913) Definition: Phi*lol"o*gy, n. [L. philologia love of learning,
interpretation, philology, Gr. ?: cf. F. philologie. See
Philologer.]
1. Criticism; grammatical learning. [R.] --Johnson.

2. The study of language, especially in a philosophical
manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of
human speech, the relation of different tongues to one
another, and historical development of languages;
linguistic science.

Note: Philology comprehends a knowledge of the etymology, or
origin and combination of words; grammar, the
construction of sentences, or use of words in language;
criticism, the interpretation of authors, the
affinities of different languages, and whatever relates
to the history or present state of languages. It
sometimes includes rhetoric, poetry, history, and
antiquities.

3. A treatise on the science of language.

Synonyms: linguistics

See Also: arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts

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