Definitions for: Penalty

[n] the act of punishing
[n] the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition; "neglected his health and paid the penalty"
[n] a payment required for not fulfilling a contract

Webster (1913) Definition: Pe"nal*ty, n.; pl. Penalties. [F. p['e]nalit['e].
See Penal.]
1. Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the
suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or
judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense,
or trespass.

Death is the penalty imposed. --Milton.

2. The suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a
person subjects himself by covenant or agreement, in case
of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine.

The penalty and forfeit of my bond. --Shak.

3. A handicap. [Sporting Cant]

Note: The term penalty is in law mostly applied to a
pecuniary punishment.

Bill of pains and penalties. See under Bill.

On, or Under, penalty of, on pain of; with exposure to
the penalty of, in case of transgression.

Synonyms: penalisation, penalization, punishment

Antonyms: advantage, reward

See Also: amercement, castigation, chastisement, corporal punishment, correction, cruel and unusual punishment, detention, disadvantage, discipline, economic strangulation, fine, forfeit, forfeiture, imprisonment, medicine, mulct, music, payment, penance, requital, retribution, self-abasement, self-mortification, self-punishment, social control, stick

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