Definitions for: Parity

[n] functional equality
[n] (physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
[n] (computer science) an error detection procedure in which a bit (0 or 1) added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error
[n] (mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity
[n] (obstetrics) the number of live-born children a woman has delivered; "the parity of the mother must be considered"; "a bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"

Webster (1913) Definition: Par"i*ty, n. [L. paritas, fr. par, paris, equal: cf. F.
parit['e]. See Pair, Peer an equal.]
The quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; A like
state or degree; equality; close correspondence; analogy; as,
parity of reasoning. ``No parity of principle.'' --De

Equality of length and parity of numeration. --Sir T.

Synonyms: conservation of parity, mirror symmetry, para, parity bit, space-reflection symmetry

See Also: bit, conservation, equivalence, gestation, mathematical relation, pregnancy

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