Definitions for: On


[adv] with a forward motion; "we drove along admiring the view"; "the horse trotted along at a steady pace"; "the circus traveled on to the next city"; "move along"; "march on"
[adv] indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; "his spirit lives on"; "shall I read on?"
[adv] in a state required for something to function or be effective; "turn the lights on"; "get a load on" is slang for"drink enough to become intoxicated"
[adj] in operation or operational; "left the oven on"; "the switch is in the on position"
[adj] (of events) planned or scheduled; "the picnic is on, rain or shine"; "we have nothing on for Friday night"



Webster (1913) Definition: On, prep. [OE. on, an, o, a, AS. on, an; akin to D. aan,
OS. & G. an, OHG. ana, Icel. [=a], Sw. [*a], Goth. ana, Russ.
na, L. an-, in anhelare to pant, Gr. 'ana`, Zend ana.
[root]195. Cf. A-, 1, Ana-, Anon.]
The general signification of on is situation, motion, or
condition with respect to contact or support beneath; as:

1. At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a
thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact
with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which
stands on the floor of a house on an island.

I stood on the bridge at midnight. --Longfellow.

2. To or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the
motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of
another; as, rain falls on the earth.

Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken.
--Matt. xxi.
44.

3. Denoting performance or action by contact with the
surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by
means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence,
figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an
impression on the mind.

4. At or near; adjacent to; -- indicating situation, place,
or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the
fleet is on the American coast.

5. In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or
succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on
mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought. --Shak.

6. Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as,
to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence,
indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will
promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse.

7. At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain
from labor. See At (synonym).

8. At the time of, conveying some notion of cause or motive;
as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress
or uniform. Hence, in consequence of, or following; as, on
the ratification of the treaty, the armies were disbanded.

9. Toward; for; -- indicating the object of some passion; as,
have pity or compassion on him.

10. At the peril of, or for the safety of. ``Hence, on thy
life.'' --Dryden.

11. By virtue of; with the pledge of; -- denoting a pledge or
engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he
affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor.

12. To the account of; -- denoting imprecation or invocation,
or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all
the blame; a curse on him.

His blood be on us and on our children. --Matt.
xxvii. 25.

13. In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect
punctuality; a satire on society.

14. Of. [Obs.] ``Be not jealous on me.'' --Shak.

Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the
reason prisoner? --Shak.

Note: Instances of this usage are common in our older
writers, and are sometimes now heard in illiterate
speech.

15. Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three
officers are on duty; on a journey.

16. In the service of; connected with; of the number of; as,
he is on a newspaper; on a committee.

Note: On and upon are in general interchangeable. In some
applications upon is more euphonious, and is therefore
to be preferred; but in most cases on is preferable.

On a bowline. (Naut.) Same as Closehauled.

On a wind, or On the wind (Naut.), sailing closehauled.


On a sudden. See under Sudden.

On board, On draught, On fire, etc. See under Board,
Draught, Fire, etc.

On it, On't, of it. [Obs. or Colloq.] --Shak.

On shore, on land; to the shore.

On the road, On the way, On the wing, etc. See under
Road, Way, etc.

On to, upon; on; to; -- sometimes written as one word,
onto, and usually called a colloquialism; but it may be
regarded in analogy with into.

They have added the -en plural form on to an elder
plural. --Earle.

We see the strength of the new movement in the new
class of ecclesiastics whom it forced on to the
stage. --J. R. Green.


On, adv. [See On, prep.]
1. Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of
motion; as, move on; go on. ``Time glides on.''
--Macaulay.

The path is smooth that leadeth on to danger.
--Shak.

2. Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the
son to the grandson, and so on.

3. In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep
on, take your ease; say on; sing on.

4. Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, ``He is neither on
nor off,'' that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute.

5. Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use.
``I have boots on.'' --B. Gonson.

He put on righteousness as a breastplate. --Is. lix.
17.

6. In progress; proceeding; as, a game is on.

Note: On is sometimes used as an exclamation, or a command to
move or proceed, some verb being understood; as, on,
comrades; that is, go on, move on.

On and on, continuously; for a long time together.
``Toiling on and on and on.'' --Longfellow.

Synonyms: along, connected, happening

Antonyms: cancelled, off

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