Definitions for: Monism


[n] the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element



Webster (1913) Definition: Mon"ism, n. [From Gr. ? single.]
1. (Metaph.) That doctrine which refers all phenomena to a
single ultimate constituent or agent; -- the opposite of
dualism.

Note: The doctrine has been held in three generic forms:
matter and its phenomena have been explained as a
modification of mind, involving an idealistic monism;
or mind has been explained by and resolved into matter,
giving a materialistic monism; or, thirdly, matter,
mind, and their phenomena have been held to be
manifestations or modifications of some one substance,
like the substance of Spinoza, or a supposed unknown
something of some evolutionists, which is capable of an
objective and subjective aspect.

2. (Biol.) See Monogenesis, 1.


Mon"ism, n.
The doctrine that the universe is an organized unitary being
or total self-inclusive structure.

Monism means that the whole of reality, i.e.,
everything that is, constitutes one inseparable and
indicisible entirety. Monism accordingly is a unitary
conception of the world. It always bears in mind that
our words are abstracts representing parts or features
of the One and All, and not separate existences. Not
only are matter and mind, soul and body, abstracts, but
also such scientific terms as atoms and molecules, and
also religious terms such as God and world. --Paul
Carus.

See Also: doctrine, ism, philosophy, school of thought

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