Definitions for: Mineral


[n]
[adj] of or containing or derived from minerals; "a mineral deposit"; "mineral water"
[adj] composed of matter other than plant or animal; "the inorganic mineral world"
[adj] relating to minerals; "mineral elements"; "mineral deposits"



Webster (1913) Definition: Min"er*al, n. [F. min['e]ral, LL. minerale, fr. minera
mine. See Mine, v. i.]
1. An inorganic species or substance occurring in nature,
having a definite chemical composition and usually a
distinct crystalline form. Rocks, except certain glassy
igneous forms, are either simple minerals or aggregates of
minerals.

2. A mine. [Obs.] --Shak.

3. Anything which is neither animal nor vegetable, as in the
most general classification of things into three kingdoms
(animal, vegetable, and mineral).


Min"er*al, a.
1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or
of minerals; as, a mineral substance.

2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.

Mineral acids (Chem.), inorganic acids, as sulphuric,
nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as
distinguished from the organic acids.

Mineral blue, the name usually given to azurite, when
reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes.

Mineral candle, a candle made of paraffine.

Mineral caoutchouc, an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of
bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness.
See Caoutchouc, and Elaterite.

Mineral chameleon (Chem.) See Chameleon mineral, under
Chameleon.

Mineral charcoal. See under Charcoal.

Mineral cotton. See Mineral wool (below).

Mineral green, a green carbonate of copper; malachite.

Mineral kingdom (Nat. Sci.), that one of the three grand
divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects,
as distinguished from plants or animals.

Mineral oil. See Naphtha, and Petroleum.

Mineral paint, a pigment made chiefly of some natural
mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher.

Mineral patch. See Bitumen, and Asphalt.

Mineral right, the right of taking minerals from land.

Mineral salt (Chem.), a salt of a mineral acid.

Mineral tallow, a familiar name for hatchettite, from its
fatty or spermaceti-like appearance.

Mineral water. See under Water.

Mineral wax. See Ozocerite.

Mineral wool, a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing
a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is
a poor conductor of heat.

Synonyms: asphaltic, inorganic, mineralized, petrified

Antonyms: animal, vegetable

See Also: ader wax, amblygonite, amphibole, amphibole group, apatite, aragonite, argentite, argyrodite, arsenopyrite, asphalt, augite, baddeleyite, barite, barium sulphate, barytes, bastnaesite, bastnasite, bauxite, beryl, borax, bornite, cadmium sulphide, calamine, carnallite, carnotite, cassiterite, celestite, cerussite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, chromite, chrysoberyl, cinnabar, cobaltite, copper glance, copper pyrites, cordierite, corundom, corundum, cristobalite, crocolite, cryolite, cuprite, dolomite, earth color, earth wax, emery, fergusonite, fluor, fluorite, fluorspar, gadolinite, galena, garnet, garnierite, germanite, gibbsite, glauconite, Greenland spar, greenockite, gypsum, halite, hausmannite, heavy spar, hemimorphite, ilmenite, material, mineral pitch, mineral wax, mispickel, ozocerite, ozokerite, peacock ore, rock, rock salt, stone, stuff, white lead ore, ytterbite

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