Definitions for: Metal


[n] a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten; "brass is an alloy of zinc and copper"
[n]
[v] cover with metal



Webster (1913) Definition: Met"al (? or ?; 277), n. [F. m['e]tal, L. metallum
metal, mine, Gr. ? mine; cf. Gr. ? to search after. Cf.
Mettle, Medal.]
1. (Chem.) An elementary substance, as sodium, calcium, or
copper, whose oxide or hydroxide has basic rather than
acid properties, as contrasted with the nonmetals, or
metalloids. No sharp line can be drawn between the metals
and nonmetals, and certain elements partake of both acid
and basic qualities, as chromium, manganese, bismuth, etc.

Note: Popularly, the name is applied to certain hard, fusible
metals, as gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, lead, zinc,
nickel, etc., and also to the mixed metals, or metallic
alloys, as brass, bronze, steel, bell metal, etc.

2. Ore from which a metal is derived; -- so called by miners.
--Raymond.

3. A mine from which ores are taken. [Obs.]

Slaves . . . and persons condemned to metals. --Jer.
Taylor.

4. The substance of which anything is made; material; hence,
constitutional disposition; character; temper.

Not till God make men of some other metal than
earth. --Shak.

5. Courage; spirit; mettle. See Mettle. --Shak.

Note: The allusion is to the temper of the metal of a sword
blade. --Skeat.

6. The broken stone used in macadamizing roads and ballasting
railroads.

7. The effective power or caliber of guns carried by a vessel
of war.

8. Glass in a state of fusion. --Knight.

9. pl. The rails of a railroad. [Eng.]

Base metal (Chem.), any one of the metals, as iron, lead,
etc., which are readily tarnished or oxidized, in contrast
with the noble metals. In general, a metal of small value,
as compared with gold or silver.

Fusible metal (Metal.), a very fusible alloy, usually
consisting of bismuth with lead, tin, or cadmium.

Heavy metals (Chem.), the metallic elements not included in
the groups of the alkalies, alkaline earths, or the
earths; specifically, the heavy metals, as gold, mercury,
platinum, lead, silver, etc.

Light metals (Chem.), the metallic elements of the alkali
and alkaline earth groups, as sodium, lithium, calcium,
magnesium, etc.; also, sometimes, the metals of the
earths, as aluminium.

Muntz metal, an alloy for sheathing and other purposes,
consisting of about sixty per cent of copper, and forty of
zinc. Sometimes a little lead is added. It is named from
the inventor.

Prince's metal (Old Chem.), an alloy resembling brass,
consisting of three parts of copper to one of zinc; --
also called Prince Rupert's metal.


Met"al, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Metaled (? or ?) or
Metalled; p. pr. & vb. n. Metaling or Metalling.]
To cover with metal; as, to metal a ship's bottom; to metal a
road.

Synonyms: alloy, metallic element

See Also: Al, Alnico, aluminium, aluminum, Am, amalgam, americium, antimony, atomic number 100, atomic number 12, atomic number 13, atomic number 19, atomic number 20, atomic number 24, atomic number 25, atomic number 26, atomic number 27, atomic number 28, atomic number 29, atomic number 3, atomic number 31, atomic number 37, atomic number 4, atomic number 41, atomic number 42, atomic number 45, atomic number 46, atomic number 48, atomic number 49, atomic number 51, atomic number 55, atomic number 56, atomic number 57, atomic number 58, atomic number 59, atomic number 60, atomic number 61, atomic number 63, atomic number 64, atomic number 66, atomic number 67, atomic number 68, atomic number 71, atomic number 72, atomic number 75, atomic number 76, atomic number 77, atomic number 80, atomic number 82, atomic number 83, atomic number 84, atomic number 87, atomic number 88, atomic number 91, atomic number 93, atomic number 95, atomic number 96, atomic number 97, atomic number 98, atomic number 99, Ba, babbitt, Babbitt metal, barium, Be, bearing metal, berkelium, beryllium, Bi, bismuth, Bk, Britannia metal, Ca, cadmium, caesium, calcium, californium, Carboloy, Cd, Ce, cerium, cesium, Cf, chemical element, cheoplastic metal, chromium, Cm, Co, coat, cobalt, copper, copper-base alloy, Cr, Cs, Cu, curium, dental amalgam, dental gold, Duralumin, Dy, dysprosium, E, einsteinium, electrum, element, Er, erbium, Es, Eu, europium, Fe, fermium, Fm, Fr, francium, fusible metal, Ga, gadolinium, gallium, Gd, German silver, glucinium, hafnium, Hf, Hg, Ho, holmium, hydrargyrum, In, Inconel, indium, Invar, Ir, iridium, iron, K, La, lanthanum, lead, Li, lithium, Lu, lutecium, lutetium, magnesium, manganese, mercury, Mg, mixture, Mn, Mo, molybdenum, Nb, Nd, neodymium, neptunium, Ni, nickel, nickel alloy, nickel silver, nickel-base alloy, niobium, noble metal, Np, oreide, oroide, Os, osmium, Pa, palladium, Pb, Pd, pewter, pinchbeck, Pm, Po, polonium, pot metal, potassium, Pr, praseodymium, primary solid solution, promethium, protactinium, protoactinium, pyrophoric alloy, quicksilver, Ra, radium, Rb, Re, Rh, rhenium, rhodium, rubidium, Sb, shot metal, solder, solid solution, steel, Stellite, sterling silver, surface, tambac, tombac, tombak, type metal, white gold, white metal, Wood's alloy, Wood's metal

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