Definitions for: Long


[n] a comparatively long time; "this won't take long"; "they haven't been gone long"
[adv] for an extended time or at a distant time; "a promotion long overdue"; "something long hoped for"; "his name has long been forgotten"; "talked all night long"; "how long will you be gone?"; "arrived long before he was expected"; "it is long after your bedtime"
[adv] for an extended distance
[adj] having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on brains"; "in long supply"
[adj] primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a long road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long words"; "ten miles long"
[adj] primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified; ; "a long life"; "a long boring speech"; "a long time"; "a long friendship"; "a long game"; "long ago"; "an hour long"
[adj] (phonetics) of speech sounds (especially vowels) of relatively long duration (as e.g. the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot')
[adj] (finance) holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices; "is long on coffee"; "a long position in gold"
[adj] planning prudently for the future; "large goals that required farsighted policies"; "took a long view of the geopolitical issues"
[adj] (of memory) having greater than average range; "a long memory especially for insults"; "a tenacious memory"
[adj] involving substantial risk; "long odds"
[adj] (prosody) used of syllables that are unaccented or of relatively long duration
[adj] of relatively great height; "a race of long gaunt men"- Sherwood Anderson; "looked out the long French windows"
[v] have a yen for
[v] desire strongly or persistently



Webster (1913) Definition: Long, a. [Compar. Longer; superl. Longest.] [AS.
long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr,
Sw. l[*a]ng, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. [root]125.
Cf. Length, Ling a fish, Linger, Lunge, Purloin.]
1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length;
protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to
short, and distinguished from broad or wide.



2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a
considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series
of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a
long book.

3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration;
lingering; as, long hours of watching.

4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in
time; far away.

The we may us reserve both fresh and strong Against
the tournament, which is not long. --Spenser.

5. Extended to any specified measure; of a specified length;
as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is,
extended to the measure of a mile, etc.

6. Far-reaching; extensive. `` Long views.'' --Burke.

7. (Phonetics) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in
utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short,
a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 22, 30.

Note: Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound
adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as,
long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned,
long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded,
etc.

In the long run, in the whole course of things taken
together; in the ultimate result; eventually.

Long clam (Zo["o]l.), the common clam (Mya arenaria) of
the Northern United States and Canada; -- called also
soft-shell clam and long-neck clam. See Mya.

Long cloth, a kind of cotton cloth of superior quality.

Long clothes, clothes worn by a young infant, extending
below the feet.

Long division. (Math.) See Division.

Long dozen, one more than a dozen; thirteen.

Long home, the grave.

Long measure, Long mater. See under Measure, Meter.


Long Parliament (Eng. Hist.), the Parliament which
assembled Nov. 3, 1640, and was dissolved by Cromwell,
April 20, 1653.

Long price, the full retail price.

Long purple (Bot.), a plant with purple flowers, supposed
to be the Orchis mascula. --Dr. Prior.

Long suit (Whist), a suit of which one holds originally
more than three cards. --R. A. Proctor.

Long tom.
(a) A pivot gun of great length and range, on the dock of
a vessel.
(b) A long trough for washing auriferous earth. [Western
U.S.]
(c) (Zo["o]l.) The long-tailed titmouse.

Long wall (Coal Mining), a working in which the whole seam
is removed and the roof allowed to fall in, as the work
progresses, except where passages are needed.

Of long, a long time. [Obs.] --Fairfax.

To be, or go, long of the market, {To be on the long
side of the market}, etc. (Stock Exchange), to hold stock for
a rise in price, or to have a contract under which one can
demand stock on or before a certain day at a stipulated
price; -- opposed to short in such phrases as, to be
short of stock, to sell short, etc. [Cant] See Short.

To have a long head, to have a farseeing or sagacious mind.


Long, n.
1. (Mus.) A note formerly used in music, one half the length
of a large, twice that of a breve.

2. (Phonetics) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.

3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the
phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and
substance of it. --Addison.


Long, adv. [AS. lance.]
1. To a great extent in apace; as, a long drawn out line.

2. To a great extent in time; during a long time.

They that tarry long at the wine. --Prov. xxiii.
30.

When the trumpet soundeth long. --Ex. xix. 13.

3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or
posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long
before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.

4. Through the whole extent or duration.

The bird of dawning singeth all night long. --Shak.

5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in
question; as, how long will you be gone?


Long, prep. [Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d Along.]
By means of; by the fault of; because of. [Obs.] See {Along
of}, under 3d Along.


Long, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Longed; p. pr. & vb. n.
Longing.] [AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch
out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang
long. See Long, a.]
1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for
something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or
by after or for.

I long to see you. --Rom. i. 11.

I have longed after thy precepts. --Ps. cxix.
40.

I have longed for thy salvation. --Ps. cxix.
174.

Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with
fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea.
--Arbuthnot.

2. To belong; -- used with to, unto, or for. [Obs.]

The labor which that longeth unto me. --Chaucer.


Long, a. (Finance & Com.)
Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or
depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, long of
cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go, long of the market,
to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or
securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin.

Synonyms: abundant, ache, agelong, bimestrial, daylong, drawn-out, durable, elongate, elongated, endless, eternal, extendable, extended, extendible, far, farseeing, farsighted, foresighted, foresightful, hanker, hourlong, in length(p), interminable, languish, lank, lasting, lengthened, lengthy, lifelong, long-acting, long-dated, long-distance, longer, longest, long-handled, longish, longitudinal, long-lasting, long-life, long-lived, long-range, long-run, longsighted, long-snouted, longstanding, long-staple, long-term, long-wool, long-wooled, monthlong, nightlong, oblong, overnight, perennial, pine, polysyllabic, prolonged, protracted, provident, retentive, semipermanent, sesquipedalian, stressed, stretch(a), tall, tenacious, unsound, weeklong, womb-to-tomb, yearlong, yearn, yen

Antonyms: short

See Also: age, desire, die, long time, miss, want, years

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