Definitions for: Institution


[n] the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new
[n] an establishment consisting of a building or complex of buildings where an organization for the promotion of some cause is situated
[n] a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person
[n] a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society; "the institution of marriage"; "the institution of slavery"; "he had become an institution in the theater"
[n] an organization founded and united for a specific purpose



Webster (1913) Definition: In`sti*tu"tion, n. [L. institutio: cf. F.
institution.]
1. The act or process of instituting; as:
(a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the
institution of a school.

The institution of God's law is described as
being established by solemn injunction.
--Hooker.
(b) Instruction; education. [Obs.] --Bentley.
(c) (Eccl. Law) The act or ceremony of investing a
clergyman with the spiritual part of a benefice, by
which the care of souls is committed to his charge.
--Blackstone.

2. That which instituted or established; as:
(a) Established order, method, or custom; enactment;
ordinance; permanent form of law or polity.

The nature of our people, Our city's
institutions. --Shak.
(b) An established or organized society or corporation; an
establishment, especially of a public character, or
affecting a community; a foundation; as, a literary
institution; a charitable institution; also, a
building or the buildings occupied or used by such
organization; as, the Smithsonian Institution.
(c) Anything forming a characteristic and persistent
feature in social or national life or habits.

We ordered a lunch (the most delightful of
English institutions, next to dinner) to be
ready against our return. --Hawthorne.

3. That which institutes or instructs; a textbook; a system
of elements or rules; an institute. [Obs.]

There is another manuscript, of above three hundred
years old, . . . being an institution of physic.
--Evelyn.

Synonyms: asylum, creation, establishment, foundation, founding, initiation, innovation, insane asylum, instauration, mental home, mental hospital, mental institution, origination, psychiatric hospital

See Also: academy, Bedlam, beginning, booby hatch, charity, commencement, company, crazy house, cuckoo's nest, custom, educational institution, establishment, faith, financial institution, financial organisation, financial organization, funny farm, funny house, home, honorary society, hospital, infirmary, issuer, loony bin, madhouse, medical institution, nursing home, nut house, nuthouse, organisation, organization, orphanage, orphans' asylum, penal facility, penal institution, religion, rest home, sanatorium, snake pit, start, tradition, vicariate, vicarship

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