Definitions for: Grate

[n] a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
[n] a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
[n] a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something
[v] scratch repeatedly; "The cat scraped at the armchair"
[v] make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate one's teeth in anger"
[v] reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface; "grate carrots and onions"; "grate nutmeg"
[v] gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The unjustice rankled her"
[v] furnish with a grate; "a grated fireplace"

Webster (1913) Definition: Grate, a. [L. gratus agreeable, grateful: cf. It. & Sp.
grato. See Grace, and cf. Agree.]
Serving to gratify; agreeable. [Obs.] --Sir T. Herbert.

Grate, n. [LL. grata, fr. L. crates hurdle; or It.
grata, of the same origin. Sae Crate, Hurdle.]
1. A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars,
with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used
ia the windows of prisons and cloisters. ``A secret grate
of iron bars.'' --Shak.

2. A frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for
holding fuel while burning.

Grate surface (Steam, Boiler) the area of the surface of
the grate upon which the fuel lies in the furnace.

Grate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Grated; p. pr. &. vb. n.
To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or
crossbars; as, to grate a window.

Grate, v. t. [OF grater to scrape, scratch, F. gratter,
LL. gratare, cratare; of German origin; cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n
G. kratzen, D. krassen, Sw. Kratta, and perh. E. scratch.]
1. To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another,
causing a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth; to produce
(a harsh sound) by rubbing.

On their hinges grate Harsh thunder. --Milton.

2. To reduce to small particles by rubbing with anything
rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

3. To fret; to irritate; to offend.

News, my good lord Rome . . . grates me. --Shak.

Grate, v. i.
1. To make a harsh sound by friction.

I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned, Or a dry
wheel grate on the exletree. --Shak.

2. To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough
material; to cause wearing, tearing, or bruising. Hence;
To produce exasperation, soreness, or grief; to offend by
oppression or importunity.

This grated harder upon the hearts of men. --South.

Synonyms: eat into, fret, grating, grind, rankle, scrape

See Also: annoy, barrier, bother, break up, chafe, chew, cooking stove, devil, fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, frame, framework, framing, furnace, furnish, get at, get to, gnash, gravel, grille, irritate, jaw, kitchen range, kitchen stove, manducate, masticate, nark, nettle, noise, paw, provide, radiator grille, rag, range, render, rile, rub, stove, supply, vex

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