Definitions for: G

[n] the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet
[n] (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation
[n] a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated
[n] a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram
[n] the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100
[n] one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)

Webster (1913) Definition: G (j[=e])
1. G is the seventh letter of the English alphabet, and a
vocal consonant. It has two sounds; one simple, as in
gave, go, gull; the other compound (like that of j), as in
gem, gin, dingy. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect]
231-6, 155, 176, 178, 179, 196, 211, 246.

Note: The form of G is from the Latin, in the alphabet which
it first appeared as a modified form of C. The name is
also from the Latin, and probably comes to us through
the French. Etymologically it is most closely related
to a c hard, k y, and w; as in corn, grain, kernel; kin
L. genus, Gr. ?; E. garden, yard; drag, draw; also to
ch and h; as in get, prehensile; guest, host (an army);
gall, choler; gust, choose. See C.

2. (Mus.) G is the name of the fifth tone of the natural or
model scale; -- called also sol by the Italians and
French. It was also originally used as the treble clef,
and has gradually changed into the character represented
in the margin. See Clef. G[sharp] (G sharp) is a tone
intermediate between G and A.

Synonyms: 1000, chiliad, constant of gravitation, deoxyguanosine monophosphate, gee, gm, gram, gramme, grand, gravitational constant, K, M, one thousand, thou, thousand, universal gravitational constant, yard

See Also: alphabetic character, carat, constant, dag, decagram, dekagram, dkg, force unit, large integer, law of gravitation, letter, letter of the alphabet, metric weight unit, Newton's law of gravitation, nucleotide, obolus, Roman alphabet, weight unit

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