Definitions for: Fume


[n] a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas
[v] be wet with sweat or blood, as of one's face
[v] be mad, angry, or furious
[v] treat with fumes, expose to fumes, esp. with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
[v] emit fumes



Webster (1913) Definition: Fume (f[=u]m), n. [L. fumus; akin to Skr. dh[=u]ma smoke,
dh[=u] to shake, fan a flame, cf. Gr. qy`ein to sacrifice,
storm, rage, qy`mon, qy`mos, thyme, and perh. to E. dust: cf.
OF. fum smoke, F. fum['e]e. Cf. Dust, n., Femerell,
Thyme.]
1. Exhalation; volatile matter (esp. noxious vapor or smoke)
ascending in a dense body; smoke; vapor; reek; as, the
fumes of tobacco.

The fumes of new shorn hay. --T. Warton.

The fumes of undigested wine. --Dryden.

2. Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of
self-control; as, the fumes of passion. --South.

3. Anything vaporlike, unsubstantial, or airy; idle conceit;
vain imagination.

A show of fumes and fancies. --Bacon.

4. The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.

To smother him with fumes and eulogies. --Burton.

In a fume, in ill temper, esp. from impatience.


Fume, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Fumed; p. pr. & vb. n.
Fuming.] [Cf. F. fumer, L. fumare to smoke. See Fume, n.]
1. To smoke; to throw off fumes, as in combustion or chemical
action; to rise up, as vapor.

Where the golden altar fumed. --Milton.

Silenus lay, Whose constant cups lay fuming to his
brain. --Roscommon.

2. To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.

Keep his brain fuming. --Shak.

3. To pass off in fumes or vapors.

Their parts pre kept from fuming away by their
fixity. --Cheyne.

4. To be in a rage; to be hot with anger.

He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground.
--Dryden.

While her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
--Sir W.
Scott.

To tame away, to give way to excitement and displeasure; to
storm; also, to pass off in fumes.


Fume, v. t.
1. To expose to the action of fumes; to treat with vapors,
smoke, etc.; as, to bleach straw by fuming it with
sulphur; to fill with fumes, vapors, odors, etc., as a
room.

She fumed the temple with an odorous flame.
--Dryden.

2. To praise inordinately; to flatter.

They demi-deify and fume him so. --Cowper.

3. To throw off in vapor, or as in the form of vapor.

The heat will fume away most of the scent.
--Montimer.

How vicious hearts fume frenzy to the brain!
--Young.


Fume, n. (Metal.)
Solid material deposited by condensation of fumes; as, lead
fume (a grayish powder chiefly lead sulphate).

Synonyms: fumigate, reek, smoke, smoke

See Also: aerosol, emit, experience, exudate, exude, feel, give off, give out, gun smoke, ooze, ooze out, process, smother, transude, treat

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