Definitions for: Dismay

[n] fear resulting from the awareness of danger
[n] the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles
[v] fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised; "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview"; "The news of the executions horrified us"
[v] lower someone's spirits; make downhearted; "These news depressed her"; "The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her"

Webster (1913) Definition: Dis*may", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dismayed; p. pr. & vb.
n. Dismaying.] [OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier; pref.
es- (L. ex) + OHG. magan to be strong or able; akin to E.
may. In English the pref. es- was changed to dis- (L. dis-).
See May, v. i.]
1. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the
spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy
through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.

Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed. --Josh. i.

What words be these? What fears do you dismay?

2. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. [Obs.]

Do not dismay yourself for this. --Spenser.

Syn: To terrify; fright; affright; frighten; appall; daunt;
dishearthen; dispirit; discourage; deject; depress. --
To Dismay, Daunt, Appall. Dismay denotes a state
of deep and gloomy apprehension. To daunt supposes
something more sudden and startling. To appall is the
strongest term, implying a sense of terror which
overwhelms the faculties.

So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed,
The lions roaring through the midnight shade.

Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul No
fear could daunt, nor earth nor hell control.

Now the last ruin the whole host appalls; Now
Greece has trembled in her wooden walls. --Pope.

Dis*may", v. i.
To take dismay or fright; to be filled with dismay. [Obs.]

Dis*may", n. [Cf. OF. esmai, F. ['e]moi. See Dismay,
v. t.]
1. Loss of courage and firmness through fear; overwhelming
and disabling terror; a sinking of the spirits;

I . . . can not think of such a battle without
dismay. --Macaulay.

Thou with a tiger spring dost leap upon thy prey,
And tear his helpless breast, o'erwhelmed with wild
dismay. --Mrs.

2. Condition fitted to dismay; ruin. --Spenser.

Syn: Dejection; discouragement; depression; fear; fright;
terror; apprehension; alarm; affright.

Synonyms: alarm, alarm, appal, appall, cast down, consternation, deject, demoralise, demoralize, depress, discouragement, disheartenment, dispirit, get down, horrify

Antonyms: elate, intoxicate, lift up, pick up, uplift

See Also: affright, chill, despair, discourage, fear, fearfulness, fright, fright, frighten, intimidation, scare, shock

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