Definitions for: Culture


[n] the raising of plants or animals; "the culture of oysters"
[n] (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); "the culture of cells in a Petri dish"
[n] the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group
[n] all the knowledge and values shared by a society
[n] a particular society at a particular time and place; "early Mayan civilization"
[n] a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; "they performed with great polish"; "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose"; "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad
[n] (bacteriology) the product of cultivating micro-organisms in a nutrient medium



Webster (1913) Definition: Cul"ture (k?l"t?r; 135), n. [F. culture, L. cultura,
fr. colere to till, cultivate; of uncertain origin. Cf.
Colony.]
1. The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the
earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the
culture of the soil.

2. The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training,
disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual
nature of man; as, the culture of the mind.

If vain our toil We ought to blame the culture, not
the soil. --Pepe.

3. The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation;
physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline
acquired by mental and moral training; civilization;
refinement in manners and taste.

What the Greeks expressed by their paidei`a, the
Romans by their humanitas, we less happily try to
express by the more artificial word culture. --J. C.
Shairp.

The list of all the items of the general life of a
people represents that whole which we call its
culture. --Tylor.

Culture fluid, a fluid in which the germs of microscopic
organisms are made to develop, either for purposes of
study or as a means of modifying their virulence.


Cul"ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cultured (-t?rd; 135);
p. pr. & vb. n. Culturing.]
To cultivate; to educate.

They came . . . into places well inhabited and
cultured. --Usher.


Cul"ture, n.
1. (Biol.)
(a) The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms in
artificial media or under artificial conditions.
(b) The collection of organisms resulting from such a
cultivation.



Note: The word is used adjectively with the above senses in
many phrases, such as: culture medium, any one of the
various mixtures of gelatin, meat extracts, etc., in
which organisms cultivated; culture flask, culture
oven, culture tube, gelatin culture, plate culture,
etc.

2. (Cartography) Those details of a map, collectively, which
do not represent natural features of the area delineated,
as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses,
bridges, meridians, and parallels.

Synonyms: acculturation, civilisation, civilization, cultivation, finish, polish, refinement

See Also: Aegean civilisation, Aegean civilization, Aegean culture, appreciation, cognitive content, content, counterculture, cranberry culture, cultivation, development, discernment, flawlessness, growing, growth, Helladic civilisation, Helladic civilization, Helladic culture, letters, mass culture, maturation, mental object, Minoan civilisation, Minoan civilization, Minoan culture, Mycenaean civilisation, Mycenaean civilization, Mycenaean culture, ne plus ultra, ontogenesis, ontogeny, perceptiveness, perfection, product, society, starter, subculture, taste, tillage

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