Definitions for: Counter


[n] a return punch
[n] a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers
[n] table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted
[n] a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens
[n] a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe
[n] game equipment used in various card or board games
[n] the piece of leather that fits the heel
[n] (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers)
[n] a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one); "it brought a sharp rejoinder from the teacher"
[n] a person who counts things
[adv] in the opposite direction; "run counter"
[adj] indicating opposition or resistance
[v] speak in response; "He countered with some very persuasive arguments"
[v] act in advance of; deal with ahead of time



Webster (1913) Definition: Coun"ter (koun"t?r-).

Note: [See Counter, adv. ]
A prefix meaning contrary, opposite, in opposition; as,
counteract, counterbalance, countercheck. See Counter, adv.
& a.


Count"er (koun"t?r), n. [OE. countere, countour, a
counter (in sense 1), OF. contere, conteor, fr. conter to
count. See Count, v. t. ]
1. One who counts, or reckons up; a calculator; a reckoner.

2. A piece of metal, ivory, wood, or bone, used in reckoning,
in keeping account of games, etc.

The old gods of our own race whose names . . . serve
as counters reckon the days of the week. --E. B.
Tylor.

What comes the wool to? . . . I can not do it
without counters. --Shak.

3. Money; coin; -- used in contempt. [Obs.]

To lock such rascal counters from his friends.
--Shak.

4. A prison; either of two prisons formerly in London.

Anne Aysavugh . . . imprisoned in the Counter.
--Fuller.

5. A telltale; a contrivance attached to an engine, printing
press, or other machine, for the purpose of counting the
revolutions or the pulsations. --Knight.


Coun"ter, n. [OE. countour, OF. contouer, comptouer,
F. comptoir, LL. computatorium, prop., a computing place,
place of accounts, fr. L. computare. See Count, v. t.]
A table or board on which money is counted and over which
business is transacted; a long, narrow table or bench, on
which goods are laid for examination by purchasers, or on
which they are weighed or measured.


Coun"ter, adv. [F. contre, fr. L. contra against. Cf.
Contra-.]
1. Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction;
contrariwise; -- used chiefly with run or go.

Running counter to all the rules of virtue. --Locks.

2. In the wrong way; contrary to the right course; as, a
hound that runs counter.

This is counter, you false Danish dogs! --Shak.

3. At or against the front or face. [R.]

Which [darts] they never throw counter, but at the
back of the flier. --Sandys.


Coun"ter, a.
Contrary; opposite; contrasted; opposed; adverse;
antagonistic; as, a counter current; a counter revolution; a
counter poison; a counter agent; counter fugue. ``Innumerable
facts attesting the counter principle.'' --I. Taylor.

Counter approach (Fort.), a trench or work pushed forward
from defensive works to meet the approaches of besiegers.
See Approach.

Counter bond (Law), in old practice, a bond to secure one
who has given bond for another.

Counter brace. See Counter brace, in Vocabulary.

Counter deed (Law), a secret writing which destroys,
invalidates, or alters, a public deed.

Counter distinction, contradistinction. [Obs.]

Counter drain, a drain at the foot of the embankment of a
canal or watercourse, for carrying off the water that may
soak through.

Counter extension (Surg.), the fixation of the upper part
of a limb, while extension is practiced on the lower part,
as in cases of luxation or fracture.

Counter fissure (Surg.) Same as Contrafissure.

Counter indication. (Med.) Same as Contraindication.

Counter irritant (Med.), an irritant to produce a blister,
a pustular eruption, or other irritation in some part of
the body, in order to relieve an existing irritation in
some other part. ``Counter irritants are of as great use
in moral as in physical diseases.'' --Macaulay.

Counter irritation (Med.), the act or the result of
applying a counter irritant.

Counter opening, an aperture or vent on the opposite side,
or in a different place.

Counter parole (Mil.), a word in addition to the password,
given in time of alarm as a signal.

Counter plea (Law), a replication to a plea. --Cowell.

Counter pressure, force or pressure that acts in a contrary
direction to some other opposing pressure.

Counter project, a project, scheme, or proposal brought
forward in opposition to another, as in the negotiation of
a treaty. --Swift.

Counter proof, in engraving, a print taken off from another
just printed, which, by being passed through the press,
gives a copy in reverse, and of course in the same
position as that of plate from which the first was
printed, the object being to enable the engraver to
inspect the state of the plate.

Counter revolution, a revolution opposed to a former one,
and restoring a former state of things.

Counter revolutionist, one engaged in, or befriending, a
counter revolution.

Counter round (Mil.), a body of officers whose duty it is
to visit and inspect the rounds and sentinels.

Counter sea (Naut.), a sea running in an opposite direction
from the wind.

Counter sense, opposite meaning.

Counter signal, a signal to answer or correspond to
another.

Counter signature, the name of a secretary or other officer
countersigned to a writing. --Tooke.

Counter slope, an overhanging slope; as, a wall with a
counter slope. --Mahan.

Counter statement, a statement made in opposition to, or
denial of, another statement.

Counter surety, a counter bond, or a surety to secure one
who has given security.

Counter tally, a tally corresponding to another.

Counter tide, contrary tide.


Coun"ter, n. [See Counter, adv., Contra.]
1. (Naut.) The after part of a vessel's body, from the water
line to the stern, -- below and somewhat forward of the
stern proper.



2. (Mus.) Same as Contra. Formerly used to designate any
under part which served for contrast to a principal part,
but now used as equivalent to counter tenor.

3. (Far.) The breast, or that part of a horse between the
shoulders and under the neck.

4. The back leather or heel part of a boot.


Coun"ter (koun"t?r), n.
An encounter. [Obs.]

With kindly counter under mimic shade. --Spenser.


Coun"ter, v. i. (Boxing)
To return a blow while receiving one, as in boxing.

His left hand countered provokingly. --C. Kingsley.


Coun"ter, n.

Over the counter (Stock Exchanges), in an office; -- said
of business so done, as distinguished from that done at an
exchange. [Cant] Counterglow Coun"ter*glow`, n.
(Astron.)
An exceedingly faint roundish or somewhat oblong nebulous
light near the ecliptic and opposite the sun, best seen
during September and October, when in the constellations
Sagittarius and Pisces. Its cause is not yet understood.
Called also Gegenschein.

Synonyms: antagonistic, anticipate, buffet, comeback, counterpunch, foresee, forestall, heel, negative, parry, rejoinder, replication, retort, return, riposte, sideboard, tabulator

See Also: act, answer, article of furniture, back talk, backtalk, bar, biff, boot, calculating machine, calculator, cellaret, checkout, checkout counter, chip, credence, credenza, drawer, furniture, game equipment, human, individual, lick, lip, meat counter, minibar, mortal, mouth, move, notions counter, person, piece of furniture, piece of leather, poke, poker chip, pulse counter, punch, reception desk, register, reply, reply, respond, response, sass, sassing, shelf, shoe, somebody, someone, soul, table

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