Definitions for: Carbohydrate


[n] an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain



Webster (1913) Definition: Car`bo*hy"drate, n. [Carbon + hydrate.] (Physiol.
Chem.)
One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches,
and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon
atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen
atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to
form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.

Synonyms: saccharide, sugar

See Also: beet sugar, cane sugar, deoxyribose, invert sugar, jaggary, jaggery, jagghery, macromolecule, maple sugar, monosaccharide, monosaccharose, oligosaccharide, polyose, polysaccharide, ribose, simple sugar, supermolecule, wood sugar, xylose

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