Definitions for: Average


[n] a statistic describing the location of a distribution; "it set the norm for American homes"
[adj] lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered; "average people"; "the ordinary (or common) man in the street"
[adj] around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures; "an orange of average size"; "intermediate capacity"; "a plane with intermediate range"; "medium bombers"
[adj] (statistics) approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; "the average income in New England is below that of the nation"; "of average height for his age"; "the mean annual rainfall"
[adj] (statistics) relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in an even-numbered set); "the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20"; "the median income for the year was $15,000"
[adj] (statistics) relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; "the modal age at which American novelists reach their peak is 30"
[adj] of no exceptional quality or ability; "a novel of average merit"; "only a fair performance of the sonata"; "in fair health"; "the caliber of the students has gone from mediocre to above average"; "the performance was middling at best"
[v] compute the average of
[v] achieve or reach on average; "He averaged a C"
[v] amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain; "The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40"



Webster (1913) Definition: Av"er*age, n. [OF. average, LL. averagium, prob. fr.
OF. aver, F. avoir, property, horses, cattle, etc.; prop.
infin., to have, from L. habere to have. Cf. F. av['e]rage
small cattle, and avarie (perh. of different origin) damage
to ship or cargo, port dues. The first meaning was perh. the
service of carting a feudal lord's wheat, then charge for
carriage, the contribution towards loss of things carried, in
proportion to the amount of each person's property. Cf.
Aver, n., Avercorn, Averpenny.]
1. (OLd Eng. Law) That service which a tenant owed his lord,
to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the
carriage of wheat, turf, etc.

2. [Cf. F. avarie damage to ship or cargo.] (Com.)
(a) A tariff or duty on goods, etc. [Obs.]
(b) Any charge in addition to the regular charge for
freight of goods shipped.
(c) A contribution to a loss or charge which has been
imposed upon one of several for the general benefit;
damage done by sea perils.
(d) The equitable and proportionate distribution of loss
or expense among all interested.

General average, a contribution made, by all parties
concerned in a sea adventure, toward a loss occasioned by
the voluntary sacrifice of the property of some of the
parties in interest for the benefit of all. It is called
general average, because it falls upon the gross amount of
ship, cargo, and freight at risk and saved by the
sacrifice. --Kent.

Particular average signifies the damage or partial loss
happening to the ship, or cargo, or freight, in
consequence of some fortuitous or unavoidable accident;
and it is borne by the individual owners of the articles
damaged, or by their insurers.

Petty averages are sundry small charges, which occur
regularly, and are necessarily defrayed by the master in
the usual course of a voyage; such as port charges, common
pilotage, and the like, which formerly were, and in some
cases still are, borne partly by the ship and partly by
the cargo. In the clause commonly found in bills of
lading, ``primage and average accustomed,'' average means
a kind of composition established by usage for such
charges, which were formerly assessed by way of average.
--Arnould. --Abbott. --Phillips.

3. A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of
unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if
A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the
average 10.

4. Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a
comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual
size, quantity, quality, rate, etc. ``The average of
sensations.'' --Paley.

5. pl. In the English corn trade, the medial price of the
several kinds of grain in the principal corn markets.

On an average, taking the mean of unequal numbers or
quantities.


Av"er*age, a.
1. Pertaining to an average or mean; medial; containing a
mean proportion; of a mean size, quality, ability, etc.;
ordinary; usual; as, an average rate of profit; an average
amount of rain; the average Englishman; beings of the
average stamp.

2. According to the laws of averages; as, the loss must be
made good by average contribution.


Av"er*age, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Averaged (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Averaging.]
1. To find the mean of, when sums or quantities are unequal;
to reduce to a mean.

2. To divide among a number, according to a given proportion;
as, to average a loss.

3. To do, accomplish, get, etc., on an average.


Av"er*age, v. i.
To form, or exist in, a mean or medial sum or quantity; to
amount to, or to be, on an average; as, the losses of the
owners will average twenty five dollars each; these spars
average ten feet in length.

Synonyms: average out, average out, common, fair, intermediate, mean(a), median(a), mediocre, medium, middling, modal(a), moderate, norm, normal, ordinary

See Also: accomplish, achieve, add up, age norm, amount, attain, calculate, cipher, come, compute, cypher, figure, mean, mean value, median, median value, modal value, mode, number, reach, reckon, statistic, total, work out

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