Definitions for: Analysis


[n] an investigation of the component parts of a whole
[n] a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; "his physician recommended psychoanalysis"
[n] the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts for study
[n] a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation
[n] a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
[n] the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., "the father of the bride" instead of"the bride's father"



Webster (1913) Definition: A*nal"y*sis, n.; pl. Analyses. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to
unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; ? up + ?
to loose. See Loose.]
1. A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses
or of the intellect, into its constituent or original
elements; an examination of the component parts of a
subject, each separately, as the words which compose a
sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions
which enter into an argument. It is opposed to
synthesis.

2. (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by
chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to
ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how
much of each element is present. The former is called
qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.

3. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the
resolving of knowledge into its original principles.

4. (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the
conditions that are in them to equations.

5.
(a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a
discourse, disposed in their natural order.
(b) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of
a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with
synopsis.

6. (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a
species, or its place in a system of classification, by
means of an analytical table or key.

Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, Quantitative, and
Volumetric analysis. (Chem.) See under Ultimate,
Proximate, Qualitative, etc.

Synonyms: analytic thinking, depth psychology, psychoanalysis

Antonyms: synthesis, synthetic thinking

See Also: abstract thought, anatomy, breakdown, calculus, case study, chemical analysis, cost analysis, cost-benefit analysis, criticism, dissection, dissection, elimination, expressive style, Fourier analysis, harmonic analysis, hypnoanalysis, infinitesimal calculus, investigating, investigation, literary criticism, logical thinking, partitioning, psychotherapy, qualitative analysis, reasoning, reasoning by elimination, reductionism, style, systems analysis, the calculus

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