Definitions for: Rough

[n] the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
[adv] with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough"
[adv] with roughness or violence; "he was pushed roughly aside"; (`rough' is informal as in"they treated him rough")
[adj] ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"
[adj] unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice"
[adj] violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"
[adj] not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"
[adj] full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"
[adj] not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"
[adj] unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
[adj] not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
[adj] (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
[adj] not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"
[adj] having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing"
[adj] (botany) of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
[v] prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
[v] draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech"

Webster (1913) Definition: Rough, a. [Compar. Rougher; superl. Roughest.] [OE.
rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug,
D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas
wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. Rug, n.]
1. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the
surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough
stone; rough cloth. Specifically:
(a) Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of
a piece of land, or of a road. ``Rough, uneven ways.''
(b) Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough
(c) Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or
other piece of water.

More unequal than the roughest sea. --T. Burnet.
(d) Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; --
said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough
coat. ``A visage rough.'' --Dryden. ``Roughsatyrs.''

2. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or
polish. Specifically:
(a) Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a
rough temper.

A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough. --Shak.

A surly boatman, rough as wayes or winds.
(b) Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough
measures or actions.

On the rough edge of battle. --Milton.

A quicker and rougher remedy. --Clarendon.

Kind words prevent a good deal of that
perverseness which rough and imperious usage
often produces. --Locke.
(c) Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating;
-- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough
tone; rough numbers. --Pope.
(d) Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
(e) Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a
rough day.

He stayeth his rough wind. --Isa. xxvii.

Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
(f) Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish;
incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.

Rough diamond, an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a
person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior.

Rough and ready.
(a) Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. ``The
rough and ready understanding.'' --Lowell.
(b) Produced offhand. ``Some rough and ready theory.''

Rough, n.
1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] --Fletcher.

2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.

In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition;
unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough.

Contemplating the people in the rough. --Mrs.

Rough, adv.
In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.

Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in
their boats. --Sir W.

Rough, v. t.
1. To render rough; to roughen.

2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.

3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as,
to rough out a carving, a sketch.

Roughing rolls, rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a
bloom of iron to bars.

To rough it, to endure hard conditions of living; to live
without ordinary comforts.

Synonyms: abrasive, aggressive, alligatored, angulate, approximate, approximative, ballpark, barky, bidentate, biserrate, boisterous, bouldered, bouldery, broken, bullate, bumpy, cacophonic, cacophonous, chapped, ciliate, ciliated, corded, corduroy(a), costate, cracked, cragged, craggy, crenate, crenated, crenulate, crenulated, crispate, crude, crushed, dentate, denticulate, difficult, draft, emarginate, erose, fierce, fimbriate, fringed, grating, gravel, gravelly, hard, harsh, hilly, homespun(p), imbricate, imbricated, inexact, jagged, jaggy, jarring, jolting, jolty, lacerate, laciniate, lepidote, leprose, lined, log(a), mountainous, notched, nubbly, nubby, outline, pectinate, pique, pocked, pockmarked, potholed, puckered, pugnacious, rasping, raspy, ribbed, rimose, rocky, rough in, rough out, roughened, roughish, roughly, rough-textured, rugged, rugose, runcinate, sandpapery, saw-toothed, scabby, scabrous, scalloped, scaly, scratchy, scurfy, seamed, serrate, serrated, serrulate, shagged, shaggy, slubbed, spinose, squamulose, stony, stormy, textured, toothed, tweedy, twill, twilled, uncut, unpleasant, unpolished, unrefined, unsheared, unskilled, unsmooth, verrucose, wartlike, warty

Antonyms: cut, smooth

See Also: coarse, compose, compound, golf course, golf links, indite, irregular, land site, links, nonslippery, pen, prepare, simple, site, uneven, unironed, unsubdivided, wrinkled, write

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Famous Quotes Containing Rough:

We usually never got out of there before four or five o'clock in the morning. Every morning. So it was rough.

-- Cab Calloway (American Musician)

I think any girl who comes to Hollywood with sex symbol or bombshell hanging over her has a rough road.

-- Kim Basinger (American Actress)

Sharpe is my favorite role of all that I've played. He's a very complex character. He knows that he's a good soldier, but he will always have to fight the prejudice of aristocratic officers because of his rough working-class upbringing. On the battlefield, he's full of confidence - but off it, he is unsure, a bit shy and ill at ease.

-- Sean Bean (English Actor)

It hasn't been smooth or delightful every minute, there were lean years and rough years, but it's been exciting and good and I'm thrilled to be an actress and a singer and to have spent my life this way.

-- Sally Kellerman (American Actress)

From the age of about five to twelve I was very bad, a hideous little terror who beat people up. I was a member of the Rough Gang - we went around and terrorized all the pupils in school.

-- Joseph Fiennes (British Actor)

When you become a mom you just learn how to function sleep deprived and you do get used to it. I came back to work when Finley was three months old and the first few months were rough. Then somehow you learn to exist on no sleep and now when he does upon occasion sleep through the night, which is like a full six hours, you're pretty sure he's suffocating. So you don't sleep anyway.

-- Holly Marie Combs (American Actress)

I always feel stupid giving advice since I've been married, what, a year? I can say this: Be in it for the long haul and just know there are going to be rough patches. No two people are the same, there are going to be areas where you just don't click.

-- Nick Lachey (American Musician)

Rough Riders took 13 weeks to shoot, plus a week of training. The same guy trained us trained the cast in Platoon. Except, instead of radios, we used bugles to signal.

-- Tom Berenger (American Actor)

God Almighty never intended that the devil should triumph over the Church. He never intended that the saloons should walk rough-shod over Christianity.

-- Billy Sunday (American Clergyman)

Chicago sounds rough to the maker of verse. One comfort we have - Cincinnati sounds worse.

-- Oliver Wendell Holmes (American Writer)

Right now I'm doing four shows at a time, trying to read four outlines every week, four scripts every week, and watching four rough cuts; it's a lot of good work. It's fun to do it, but it does wear you out.

-- Aaron Spelling (American Producer)

Nostalgia is a file that removes the rough edges from the good old days.

-- Doug Larson (American Cartoonist)

If the track is tough and the hill is rough, THINKING you can just ain't enough!

-- Shel Silverstein (American Poet)

Compared to America or Europe, God isn't a big part of our lives here. I don't know anyone here who goes to church when he's had a rough divorce or is going through depression. We go out into nature instead.

-- Bjork (Icelandic Musician)

We start out talking about the story, trying to figure out who is who and what should happen, taking notes the whole time. Then I do a rough layout of the issue, showing what happens on each page. Then we discuss that some more.

-- Phil Foglio (American Cartoonist)

Men should have rough hands and be strong.

-- Scott Caan (American Actor)

If I have a rough day, and I'm angry, I'll just go into Kirk Douglas and throw over a table. And when I need to lift my spirits, Kermit can always do the trick.

-- Rich Little (Canadian Comedian)

The birth of any show is always a rough one.

-- Genevieve Gorder (American Designer)

Anyone can be confident with a full head of hair. But a confident bald man - there's your diamond in the rough.

-- Larry David (American Actor)

SOON was the first novel where I used a rough outline. Usually I have characters and an idea and write as a process of discovery. Like working without a net.

-- Jerry B. Jenkins (American Novelist)

In fiction, you have a rough idea what's coming up next - sometimes you even make a little outline - but in fact you don't know. Each day is a whole new - and for me, a very invigorating - experience.

-- Peter Matthiessen (American Writer)

The other day the President said, I know you've had some rough times, and I want to do something that will show the nation what faith that I have in you, in your maturity and sense of responsibility. He paused, then said, would you like a puppy?

-- Dan Quayle (American Vice President)

Rough work, iconoclasm, but the only way to get at truth.

-- Oliver Wendell Holmes (American Writer)

The data which is used to date for making the conclusions and predictions on global warming are so rough and primitive, compared to what's needed, and so unreliable that they are not even worth mentioning by respectful scientists.

-- Gregory W. Moore ( Scientist)

I got along better with the guys than with the girls. Only two girls came up to talk to me. Later I found out they were telling their boyfriends, 'If you talk to her, I'll kill you.' It's always rough with that high school thing.

-- Christina Aguilera (American Musician)

Well, I got pretty good and went on the road with a group. We starved. At that time I didn't realize that you'd work one gig in Kansas City, the next in Florida and the next gig will be in Louisville. You know, a thousand miles a night. That was really rough, man.

-- Wes Montgomery (American Musician)

Many of the artists who have represented Negro life have seen only the comic, ludicrous side of it, and have lacked sympathy with and appreciation for the warm big heart that dwells within such a rough exterior.

-- Henry Ossawa Tanner (American Artist)

I had already done a lot of research for Rough Riders, keeping notebooks and old photographs. Some of the books were antiques for that time period, with the covers falling off.

-- Tom Berenger (American Actor)

So I got a chance to meet a whole bunch of those old real, real rough but gentle men. They lived hard, but they lived good - in one sense, you know. But you had a lot of fun. Didn't make much money, but you had a lot of fun.

-- Little Milton (American Musician)

We never had it as rough as the kids have it today. Look at the price of a gallon of gas or a piece of real estate or a college education.

-- Suze Orman (American Author)

People sleep peaceably in their beds at night only because rough men stand ready to do violence on their behalf.

-- George Orwell (British Author)

The competition is pretty rough these days.

-- Tony Randall (American Actor)

Army life was rough. Would you believe it, they actually wanted me to pitch three times a week.

-- Whitey Ford (American Athlete)

I had, early in life, a love for staging, but it is fast dying out. Nine hours over a rough road are enough to root out the most passionate love of that kind.

-- Maria Mitchell (American Scientist)

Many a man gets weary of clamping down on his rough impulses, which if given occasional release would encourage the living of life with salt in it, in place of dust.

-- Henry S. Haskins ( -)

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