Definitions for: Rough

[n] the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
[adv] with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough"
[adv] with roughness or violence; "he was pushed roughly aside"; (`rough' is informal as in"they treated him rough")
[adj] ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"
[adj] unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice"
[adj] violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"
[adj] not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"
[adj] full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"
[adj] not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"
[adj] unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
[adj] not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
[adj] (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
[adj] not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"
[adj] having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing"
[adj] (botany) of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
[v] prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
[v] draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech"

Webster (1913) Definition: Rough, a. [Compar. Rougher; superl. Roughest.] [OE.
rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug,
D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas
wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. Rug, n.]
1. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the
surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough
stone; rough cloth. Specifically:
(a) Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of
a piece of land, or of a road. ``Rough, uneven ways.''
(b) Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough
(c) Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or
other piece of water.

More unequal than the roughest sea. --T. Burnet.
(d) Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; --
said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough
coat. ``A visage rough.'' --Dryden. ``Roughsatyrs.''

2. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or
polish. Specifically:
(a) Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a
rough temper.

A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough. --Shak.

A surly boatman, rough as wayes or winds.
(b) Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough
measures or actions.

On the rough edge of battle. --Milton.

A quicker and rougher remedy. --Clarendon.

Kind words prevent a good deal of that
perverseness which rough and imperious usage
often produces. --Locke.
(c) Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating;
-- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough
tone; rough numbers. --Pope.
(d) Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
(e) Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a
rough day.

He stayeth his rough wind. --Isa. xxvii.

Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
(f) Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish;
incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.

Rough diamond, an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a
person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior.

Rough and ready.
(a) Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. ``The
rough and ready understanding.'' --Lowell.
(b) Produced offhand. ``Some rough and ready theory.''

Rough, n.
1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] --Fletcher.

2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.

In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition;
unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough.

Contemplating the people in the rough. --Mrs.

Rough, adv.
In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.

Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in
their boats. --Sir W.

Rough, v. t.
1. To render rough; to roughen.

2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.

3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as,
to rough out a carving, a sketch.

Roughing rolls, rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a
bloom of iron to bars.

To rough it, to endure hard conditions of living; to live
without ordinary comforts.

Synonyms: abrasive, aggressive, alligatored, angulate, approximate, approximative, ballpark, barky, bidentate, biserrate, boisterous, bouldered, bouldery, broken, bullate, bumpy, cacophonic, cacophonous, chapped, ciliate, ciliated, corded, corduroy(a), costate, cracked, cragged, craggy, crenate, crenated, crenulate, crenulated, crispate, crude, crushed, dentate, denticulate, difficult, draft, emarginate, erose, fierce, fimbriate, fringed, grating, gravel, gravelly, hard, harsh, hilly, homespun(p), imbricate, imbricated, inexact, jagged, jaggy, jarring, jolting, jolty, lacerate, laciniate, lepidote, leprose, lined, log(a), mountainous, notched, nubbly, nubby, outline, pectinate, pique, pocked, pockmarked, potholed, puckered, pugnacious, rasping, raspy, ribbed, rimose, rocky, rough in, rough out, roughened, roughish, roughly, rough-textured, rugged, rugose, runcinate, sandpapery, saw-toothed, scabby, scabrous, scalloped, scaly, scratchy, scurfy, seamed, serrate, serrated, serrulate, shagged, shaggy, slubbed, spinose, squamulose, stony, stormy, textured, toothed, tweedy, twill, twilled, uncut, unpleasant, unpolished, unrefined, unsheared, unskilled, unsmooth, verrucose, wartlike, warty

Antonyms: cut, smooth

See Also: coarse, compose, compound, golf course, golf links, indite, irregular, land site, links, nonslippery, pen, prepare, simple, site, uneven, unironed, unsubdivided, wrinkled, write

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Famous Quotes Containing Rough:

Carrying those double tanks around all the time got to be a little rough on me. I had to put that damn wetsuit on and take it off, sometimes three or four times a day.

-- Lloyd Bridges (American Actor)

Well, I get my subject on Wednesday night; I think it out carefully on Thursday, and make my rough sketch; on Friday morning I begin, and stick to it all day, with my nose well down on the block.

-- John Tenniel (English Artist)

Chicago sounds rough to the maker of verse. One comfort we have - Cincinnati sounds worse.

-- Oliver Wendell Holmes (American Writer)

It didn't get into Sundance although I showed a rough cut which is a mistake to all filmmakers out there.

-- Donal Logue (Canadian Actor)

Many of the artists who have represented Negro life have seen only the comic, ludicrous side of it, and have lacked sympathy with and appreciation for the warm big heart that dwells within such a rough exterior.

-- Henry Ossawa Tanner (American Artist)

Well, I got pretty good and went on the road with a group. We starved. At that time I didn't realize that you'd work one gig in Kansas City, the next in Florida and the next gig will be in Louisville. You know, a thousand miles a night. That was really rough, man.

-- Wes Montgomery (American Musician)

The only society I like is rough and tough, and the tougher the better. There's where you get down to bedrock and meet human people.

-- Robert W. Service (Scottish Poet)

Writing, yeah. Me and my friend Scott Bloom just finished the first rough draft of a script. It's taken us three years to do, but we finally got a first draft. And we'll see whatever happens with that.

-- Ethan Suplee (American Actor)

The only other things, and again these things are hearsay, is that he could be pretty rough on directors, because he knew exactly the way he wanted to play the part. And he did so.

-- Tommy Bond (American Actor)

There is nothing so agonizing to the fine skin of vanity as the application of a rough truth.

-- Robert Bulwer-Lytton (English Statesman)

I come from Detroit where it's rough and I'm not a smooth talker.

-- Eminem (American Musician)

SOON was the first novel where I used a rough outline. Usually I have characters and an idea and write as a process of discovery. Like working without a net.

-- Jerry B. Jenkins (American Novelist)

I was very pleased that the positive things about me and my game outshone the aggressive style of play I use. I would never tone that down, because I believe in that style of play, and I believe that you can play rough on the court and still be a good sport.

-- Sue Wicks (American Athlete)

I was used to playing misled youth, rough-and-tumble guys. It was nice to get back to a big-hearted, warm and gentle soul, a guy who is destined for something a lot larger than he ever expected.

-- Milo Ventimiglia (American Actor)

When rough times have fallen upon our state in the past, Texans have always responded with generosity and an eagerness to help. The compassionate response to the fires has proven that this community spirit is alive and well.

-- Randy Neugebauer (American Politician)

I got to talking to an old actor, and he had a bunch of stories about the Rough Riders.

-- Tom Berenger (American Actor)

I had, early in life, a love for staging, but it is fast dying out. Nine hours over a rough road are enough to root out the most passionate love of that kind.

-- Maria Mitchell (American Scientist)

I finally did work out a very good relationship with my father, but it was rough growing up. We had a lot of conflict, and I think it surfaced in many of my works.

-- Ira Levin (American Novelist)

Rough work, iconoclasm, but the only way to get at truth.

-- Oliver Wendell Holmes (American Writer)

You can find a diamond in the rough a lot of times.

-- Kenneth Edmonds (American Musician)

I think any girl who comes to Hollywood with sex symbol or bombshell hanging over her has a rough road.

-- Kim Basinger (American Actress)

I had already done a lot of research for Rough Riders, keeping notebooks and old photographs. Some of the books were antiques for that time period, with the covers falling off.

-- Tom Berenger (American Actor)

New England has a harsh climate, a barren soil, a rough and stormy coast, and yet we love it, even with a love passing that of dwellers in more favored regions.

-- Henry Cabot Lodge (American Politician)

I lived rough, by my wits, was homeless, lived on the streets, lived on friends' floors, was happy, was miserable.

-- Ben Okri (Nigerian Poet)

We usually never got out of there before four or five o'clock in the morning. Every morning. So it was rough.

-- Cab Calloway (American Musician)

It's not to hurt anyone, but basketball can be rough.

-- Sue Wicks (American Athlete)

I may be smelly and I may be old, Rough in my pebbles, reedy in my pools, But where my fish float by I bless their swimming, And I like the people to bathe in me especially women.

-- Stevie Smith (British Poet)

From the age of about five to twelve I was very bad, a hideous little terror who beat people up. I was a member of the Rough Gang - we went around and terrorized all the pupils in school.

-- Joseph Fiennes (British Actor)

We start out talking about the story, trying to figure out who is who and what should happen, taking notes the whole time. Then I do a rough layout of the issue, showing what happens on each page. Then we discuss that some more.

-- Phil Foglio (American Cartoonist)

Thank God I have the seeing eye, that is to say, as I lie in bed I can walk step by step on the fells and rough land seeing every stone and flower and patch of bog and cotton pass where my old legs will never take me again.

-- Beatrix Potter (English Author)

Invest in the human soul. Who knows, it might be a diamond in the rough.

-- Mary McLeod Bethune (American Educator)

Truth has rough flavours if we bite it through.

-- George Eliot (British Author)

If anyone has it rough at Guantanamo, it is the guards. They are constantly harassed and threatened by some of these terrorists. Prisoners tell guards, we know where your families are. We know where your wife is, your children, and we are going to kill them.

-- Robin Hayes (American Politician)

But say some, would you expose woman to the contact of rough, rude, drinking, swearing, fighting men at the ballot box? What a humiliating confession lies in this plea for keeping woman in the background!

-- Ernestine Rose ( Activist)

If I have a rough day, and I'm angry, I'll just go into Kirk Douglas and throw over a table. And when I need to lift my spirits, Kermit can always do the trick.

-- Rich Little (Canadian Comedian)

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