Definitions for: Rough


[n] the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
[adv] with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough"
[adv] with roughness or violence; "he was pushed roughly aside"; (`rough' is informal as in"they treated him rough")
[adj] ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"
[adj] unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice"
[adj] violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"
[adj] not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"
[adj] full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"
[adj] not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"
[adj] unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
[adj] not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
[adj] (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
[adj] not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"
[adj] having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing"
[adj] (botany) of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
[v] prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
[v] draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech"



Webster (1913) Definition: Rough, a. [Compar. Rougher; superl. Roughest.] [OE.
rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug,
D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas
wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. Rug, n.]
1. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the
surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough
stone; rough cloth. Specifically:
(a) Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of
a piece of land, or of a road. ``Rough, uneven ways.''
--Shak.
(b) Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough
diamond.
(c) Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or
other piece of water.

More unequal than the roughest sea. --T. Burnet.
(d) Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; --
said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough
coat. ``A visage rough.'' --Dryden. ``Roughsatyrs.''
--Milton.

2. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or
polish. Specifically:
(a) Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a
rough temper.

A fiend, a fury, pitiless and rough. --Shak.

A surly boatman, rough as wayes or winds.
--Prior.
(b) Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough
measures or actions.

On the rough edge of battle. --Milton.

A quicker and rougher remedy. --Clarendon.

Kind words prevent a good deal of that
perverseness which rough and imperious usage
often produces. --Locke.
(c) Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating;
-- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough
tone; rough numbers. --Pope.
(d) Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.
(e) Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a
rough day.

He stayeth his rough wind. --Isa. xxvii.
8.

Time and the hour runs through the roughest day.
--Shak.
(f) Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish;
incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.

Rough diamond, an uncut diamond; hence, colloquially, a
person of intrinsic worth under a rude exterior.



Rough and ready.
(a) Acting with offhand promptness and efficiency. ``The
rough and ready understanding.'' --Lowell.
(b) Produced offhand. ``Some rough and ready theory.''
--Tylor.


Rough, n.
1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] --Fletcher.

2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.

In the rough, in an unwrought or rude condition;
unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough.

Contemplating the people in the rough. --Mrs.
Browning.


Rough, adv.
In a rough manner; rudely; roughly.

Sleeping rough on the trenches, and dying stubbornly in
their boats. --Sir W.
Scott.


Rough, v. t.
1. To render rough; to roughen.

2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes.
--Crabb.

3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as,
to rough out a carving, a sketch.

Roughing rolls, rolls for reducing, in a rough manner, a
bloom of iron to bars.

To rough it, to endure hard conditions of living; to live
without ordinary comforts.

Synonyms: abrasive, aggressive, alligatored, angulate, approximate, approximative, ballpark, barky, bidentate, biserrate, boisterous, bouldered, bouldery, broken, bullate, bumpy, cacophonic, cacophonous, chapped, ciliate, ciliated, corded, corduroy(a), costate, cracked, cragged, craggy, crenate, crenated, crenulate, crenulated, crispate, crude, crushed, dentate, denticulate, difficult, draft, emarginate, erose, fierce, fimbriate, fringed, grating, gravel, gravelly, hard, harsh, hilly, homespun(p), imbricate, imbricated, inexact, jagged, jaggy, jarring, jolting, jolty, lacerate, laciniate, lepidote, leprose, lined, log(a), mountainous, notched, nubbly, nubby, outline, pectinate, pique, pocked, pockmarked, potholed, puckered, pugnacious, rasping, raspy, ribbed, rimose, rocky, rough in, rough out, roughened, roughish, roughly, rough-textured, rugged, rugose, runcinate, sandpapery, saw-toothed, scabby, scabrous, scalloped, scaly, scratchy, scurfy, seamed, serrate, serrated, serrulate, shagged, shaggy, slubbed, spinose, squamulose, stony, stormy, textured, toothed, tweedy, twill, twilled, uncut, unpleasant, unpolished, unrefined, unsheared, unskilled, unsmooth, verrucose, wartlike, warty

Antonyms: cut, smooth

See Also: coarse, compose, compound, golf course, golf links, indite, irregular, land site, links, nonslippery, pen, prepare, simple, site, uneven, unironed, unsubdivided, wrinkled, write

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Famous Quotes Containing Rough:


A common misperception of me is... that I am a tough, rough northerner, which I suppose I am really. But I'm pretty mild-mannered most of the time. It's the parts that you play I guess. I don't mind it. I'm not a tough guy. I'd like to act as a fair, easy-going, kind man at some point.

-- Sean Bean (English Actor)

Yeah, touring can get rough some times and draining, but I always have to pinch myself and realize that I'm doing what I love.

-- Jonny Lang (American Musician)

Towards the end it got really rough. I take my hat of to Alice, he's still doing it. This is probably more work than going on the road for 2-3 months. I wish I was 25 again!

-- Michael Owen Bruce (American Musician)

As in nature, as in art, so in grace; it is rough treatment that gives souls, as well as stones, their luster.

-- Thomas Guthrie (Scottish Clergyman)

Writing, yeah. Me and my friend Scott Bloom just finished the first rough draft of a script. It's taken us three years to do, but we finally got a first draft. And we'll see whatever happens with that.

-- Ethan Suplee (American Actor)

The only society I like is rough and tough, and the tougher the better. There's where you get down to bedrock and meet human people.

-- Robert W. Service (Scottish Poet)

I got along better with the guys than with the girls. Only two girls came up to talk to me. Later I found out they were telling their boyfriends, 'If you talk to her, I'll kill you.' It's always rough with that high school thing.

-- Christina Aguilera (American Musician)

Critics can be your most important friend. I don't read criticism of my stuff only because when it's bad, it's rough-and when it's good, it's not good enough.

-- Kevin Bacon (American Actor)

In fiction, you have a rough idea what's coming up next - sometimes you even make a little outline - but in fact you don't know. Each day is a whole new - and for me, a very invigorating - experience.

-- Peter Matthiessen (American Writer)

Invest in the human soul. Who knows, it might be a diamond in the rough.

-- Mary McLeod Bethune (American Educator)

I had a few fibroids removed, and they left me with a Grand Canyon of scar tissue in my uterus. The doctors weren't sure I'd be able to reproduce. I was prepared for a rough road, and then out of nowhere we conceived.

-- Holly Marie Combs (American Actress)

He's a TV producer, a theatrical impresario, and he wants to be treated as Mr. Windsor but when the going gets rough he wants to be treated like a member of the Royal Family.

-- Andrew Morton ( -)

I always feel stupid giving advice since I've been married, what, a year? I can say this: Be in it for the long haul and just know there are going to be rough patches. No two people are the same, there are going to be areas where you just don't click.

-- Nick Lachey (American Musician)

Many individuals have, like uncut diamonds, shining qualities beneath a rough exterior.

-- Juvenal (Roman Poet)

The data which is used to date for making the conclusions and predictions on global warming are so rough and primitive, compared to what's needed, and so unreliable that they are not even worth mentioning by respectful scientists.

-- Gregory W. Moore ( Scientist)

Don't learn to do, but learn in doing. Let your falls not be on a prepared ground, but let them be bona fide falls in the rough and tumble of the world.

-- Samuel Butler (British Poet)

The pressures having grown up in this business can be really rough. And it is a testament to you that you have remained focused and NOT lost your mind.

-- Keenen Ivory Wayans (American Comedian)

Yeah, it's tough being smart and sexy, too. I have to say, I'm really not that attractive. Until I met my husband, I could not get a date. I promise you it's true. My husband Jeff Richmond saw a diamond in the rough and took me in.

-- Tina Fey (American Comedian)

I finally did work out a very good relationship with my father, but it was rough growing up. We had a lot of conflict, and I think it surfaced in many of my works.

-- Ira Levin (American Novelist)

Traffic signals in New York are just rough guidelines.

-- David Letterman (American Comedian)

Right now I'm doing four shows at a time, trying to read four outlines every week, four scripts every week, and watching four rough cuts; it's a lot of good work. It's fun to do it, but it does wear you out.

-- Aaron Spelling (American Producer)

If I have a rough day, and I'm angry, I'll just go into Kirk Douglas and throw over a table. And when I need to lift my spirits, Kermit can always do the trick.

-- Rich Little (Canadian Comedian)

Men should have rough hands and be strong.

-- Scott Caan (American Actor)

Hitler had this deal where he was supposed to make it rough on them so they would all get out and migrate to Israel because they needed people there to fight the Arabs.

-- Hutton Gibson (American Writer)

I may be smelly and I may be old, Rough in my pebbles, reedy in my pools, But where my fish float by I bless their swimming, And I like the people to bathe in me especially women.

-- Stevie Smith (British Poet)

The soul is placed in the body like a rough diamond, and must be polished, or the luster of it will never appear.

-- Daniel Defoe (English Journalist)

When I tested for Billy Budd, I had that kind of confidence that comes with the certainty that you're not going to get something. I was very rough around the edges.

-- Terence Stamp (British Actor)

With the fight scenes, they would take a video camera and shoot alongside the camera so we would piece it together on the computer and had an extremely rough cut of what we were doing.

-- Kelly Hu (American Actress)

My friends, no matter how rough the road may be, we can and we will, never, never surrender to what is right.

-- Dan Quayle (American Vice President)

Caricature is rough truth.

-- George Meredith (English Novelist)

I think any girl who comes to Hollywood with sex symbol or bombshell hanging over her has a rough road.

-- Kim Basinger (American Actress)

My life was pretty rough.

-- Yoko Ono (American Artist)

SOON was the first novel where I used a rough outline. Usually I have characters and an idea and write as a process of discovery. Like working without a net.

-- Jerry B. Jenkins (American Novelist)

Virtue rejects facility to be her companion. She requires a craggy, rough and thorny way.

-- Michel de Montaigne (French Philosopher)

The birth of any show is always a rough one.

-- Genevieve Gorder (American Designer)


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