Definitions for: Juniper


[n] coniferous shrub or small tree with berrylike cones
[n] desert shrub of Syria and Arabia having small white flowers; constitutes the juniper of the Old Testament; sometimes placed in genus Genista



Webster (1913) Definition: Ju"ni*per, n. [L. juniperus, prop., youth-producing,
and so called from its evergreen appearance, from the roots
of E. juvenile, and parent. Cf. Gin the liquor.] (Bot.)
Any evergreen shrub or tree, of the genus Juniperus and
order Conifer[ae].

Note: The common juniper (J. communis) is a shrub of a low,
spreading form, having awl-shaped, rigid leaves in
whorls of threes, and bearing small purplish blue
berries (or galbuli), of a warm, pungent taste, used as
diuretic and in flavoring gin. A resin exudes from the
bark, which has erroneously been considered identical
with sandarach, and is used as pounce. The oil of
juniper is acrid, and used for various purposes, as in
medicine, for making varnish, etc. The wood of several
species is of a reddish color, hard and durable, and is
used in cabinetwork under the names of red cedar,
Bermuda cedar, etc.

Juniper worm (Zo["o]l.), the larva of a geometrid moth
(Drepanodes varus). It feeds upon the leaves of the
juniper, and mimics the small twigs both in form and
color, in a remarkable manner.

Synonyms: Genista raetam, juniper bush, raetam, Retama raetam, retem

See Also: bush, common juniper, creeping juniper, cypress, drooping juniper, dwarf juniper, genus Juniperus, genus Retama, ground cedar, juniper berry, Juniperus, Juniperus communis, Juniperus communis depressa, Juniperus flaccida, Juniperus horizontalis, Juniperus sabina, Juniperus silicicola, Mexican juniper, pencil cedar, pencil cedar tree, Retama, savin, shrub, southern red cedar

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